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Oral Hygiene Education and Dental Care in Primary Schools – a Pilot Study in Kébémer, Senegal
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

A follow-up study was performed evaluating oral hygiene education and daily tooth brushing combined with radical dental treatment in children between 6-14 years of age at two schools (Gad M’brama, Gad Kebé) in Kébémer, Senegal. During 18-months the children brushed their teeth daily at school with fluoridated (1450 ppm) toothpaste and severely decayed permanent teeth with poor prognosis were extracted. After 18 months’ re-examination took place and the number of decayed tooth surfaces were compared with those of the children in a reference school (Gad Affé) where no intervention what so ever had taken place. The number of children in the two schools were 150 and 110 respectively, while the reference school involved 101 children. All children’s dental status was recorded according to World Health Organizations methodology the “Malmö version” and only visible decayed surfaces (DS) in dentin on permanent teeth were registered. Water samples were collected from all schools to measure the fluoride concentration. Questionnaires were handed out to the teachers in order to evaluate the attitude about supervising the daily tooth brushing taking place at school. At baseline the mean values of DS were 4.6 in Gad M’brama and 2.8 in Gad Kebé. After 18 months the mean values of DS were 0.3 in Gad M’brama and 0.4 in Gad Kebé. The reference school Gad Affé had a mean value of 2.6. The fluoride concentration in the water samples were low and thus of low clinical relevance. The teacher’s attitudes towards dental education and oral hygiene performed at school together with the responsibility of supervising the children’s tooth brushing were overwhelmingly positive. The main conclusion is that brushing teeth with fluoridated toothpaste at school on a daily basis combined with necessary radical dental care reduces tooth decay in children over time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131248OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-131248DiVA: diva2:1073127
External cooperation
VLL
Educational program
Dentistry Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-09 Created: 2017-02-09 Last updated: 2017-02-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf