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The Effectiveness of Fluoride tablets. A Systematic Literature Review
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The caries preventive effect of fluoride is well-known and the use of fluorides is considered an important part in caries preventive strategies. Several fluoride supplements are available today and can be adapted both on individual and on population-level. It is important to make sure that only supplements with scientifically proven effects are recommended for oral use as more fluoride products enter the market. The purpose of this systematic literature review was to identify and evaluate studies on the caries preventive effect from fluoride tablets published between 1 November 2001 and 1 February 2015. The Pubmed database was searched using MESH-terms and keywords. Studies meeting inclusion criteria were included in this study and reviewed in full-text. The reference lists of relevant studies were thoroughly searched for additional articles. A follow-up search was performed in April 2016 using the same method. The relevant articles were analysed with respect to study requirements and the evidence was graded according to the GRADE system. The literature search resulted in 604 articles, and 23 articles were reviewed in full-text. The outcome of the systematic literature search was 1 article of moderate quality and 2 articles of low quality. The scientific evidence regarding the caries preventive effect from fluoride tablets was of low-moderate quality. The effectiveness of fluoride tablets when used in caries prevention cannot be confirmed. This is due to noticeable differences in study design which makes it difficult to compare study results combined with insufficient scientific study quality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131249OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-131249DiVA: diva2:1073129
External cooperation
VLL
Educational program
Dentistry Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-09 Created: 2017-02-09 Last updated: 2017-02-09Bibliographically approved

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