Patient-reported lower urinary tract symptoms after hysterectomy or hysteroscopy: a study from the Swedish Quality Register for Gynecological Surgery
2017 (English)In: International Urogynecology Journal, ISSN 0937-3462, E-ISSN 1433-3023Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Hysterectomy is sometimes considered the cause of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). We hypothesized that hysterectomy for abnormal uterine bleeding and/or symptoms of fibroids is more likely to cause LUTS than a hysteroscopic procedure for the same indications.
METHODS: Two groups of women were compared: one group comprised 3,618 women who had had a hysterectomy due to abnormal uterine bleeding or symptoms of fibroids and the other group comprised 238 women who had had hysteroscopic treatment for the same indications. The main outcome measures were occurrence of LUTS before and 1 year after the surgical intervention. The frequencies of LUTS before and after surgery were compared between the groups. Binary logistic regression was used to model the odds of having postoperative urinary leakage and urgency while controlling for uterine size, surgical procedure and preoperative LUTS.
RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between women after hysterectomy and after hysteroscopy in the frequencies of LUTS before or after surgery, when uterine size was comparable. However, there was a difference in the rates of de novo urinary incontinence between women with hysterectomy and women with hysteroscopy (7.6%, 95% CI 6.3-9.0, and 3.2%, 95% CI 1.6-6.5, respectively). Of the women with a large uterus, 58.6% (95% CI 51.5-65.5) reported relief of urinary incontinence and 85.5% (95% CI 82.3-88.4) reported relief of urinary urgency postoperatively.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that it is important to individualize preoperative information in women prior to hysterectomy since the outcome concerning LUTS depends on preoperative symptoms and uterine size.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hysterectomy, Hysteroscopy, Quality register, Urinary incontinence, Urinary urgency
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131380DOI: 10.1007/s00192-017-3268-9PubMedID: 28116468OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-131380DiVA: diva2:1073813