How can social cohesion influence life satisfaction of the elderly in China:: Evidence from the SAGE Wave 1
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Bearing the burden of growing ageing population and the transformation of the family structure, both Chinese government and Chinese people are facing the challenge of achieving happy ageing. Happiness or life satisfaction among the elderly can be influenced by many dimensions of factors other than economy. Additionally, many studies have found the effect of social cohesion on mental and physical health. However, there does not exist study focusing on the association between social cohesion and life satisfaction in the group of Chinese elderly. Consequently, my study intended to fill up the research gap and inspire the policy makers.
The SAGE-China Wave1,which has been completed by 2010,was used as the database in this study. Originally, there were 10,218 households and 14,813 individual respondents from eight provinces/municipalities.7,601 participants whose age was 60 and above were eventually involved in this study. Social cohesion and sociodemographic factors, such as marital status, education were selected as explanatory variables and covariates. Friends interaction, neighbors interaction, neighbors trust and one index social cohesion were included to represent social cohesion. The index was created by summing up the responses of three variables. Logistic regression was applied to analyze the association between social cohesion and life satisfaction adjusted by sociodemographic factors. Further, the results were presented by men and women separately.
The index social cohesion had a significantly positive effect on the elderly’s life satisfaction(OR=1.18,95%CI:1.14 to 1.22),and it played a more important role in affecting the life satisfaction among old women(OR=1.22,95%CI:1.17 to 1.29) rather than old men(OR=1.13,95%CI:1.08 to 1.19).Regarding to the single social cohesion variable, neighbors interaction brought significant effect on life satisfaction in certain groups, such as once to twice per month(OR=1.36,95%CI:1.11 to 1.67) and once to twice per year(OR=1.23,95%CI:1.09 to 1.39). Friends interaction significantly affect the elderly’s life satisfaction in all of the groups. It also had a stronger influence on the association amongst old women than old men(e.g. in group once to twice per week, women: OR=2.44,95%CI:1.74 to 3.43;men:OR=1.84,95%CI:1.30 to 2.61).
Amongst the elderly in China, social cohesion, especially friends interaction had the positive effect on their life satisfaction. Further, it had much more influence to the elderly women rather than old men.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 17 p.
Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341x ; 2016:12
Life satisfaction, elderly, China, SAGE Wave 1
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131496OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-131496DiVA: diva2:1074543
SAGE Data - Paul Kowal
Master's Programme in Public Health
2016-05-23, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 10:02 (English)
Sahlen, Klas-Göran, Associate Professor
Norström, Fredrik, Associate Professor