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The UK immigration/ policies and their impactas on migrants´ health
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Migration is a major policy issue in todays. In recent year there has been surging interest in health and migration as interdepend issues. However, despite the interdependent nature of heath and migration, there is correspondingly less focus on health –related aspects of migration. Though there is EU-wide immigration policy on controlling migration flow there is less coordination on health aspects of migration. This is happening against the back drop where EU restrictive policies are giving rise to irregular and risky migration pathway with attended health risks. Yet there is no coordination between the two policy domains. In an effort at controlling migrants flow, interception countries are being funded to keep migrants in health damaging detention centre and refugee’s camps. The complex nature of migration has posed fresh new challenges in relation to aligning the two policy areas. The migration process framework conceptualizes the 5 phases of the migration flows to devise better coordination between immigration and health polices and offers pathway to design health policy intervention to address specific health needs of migrants in each phase. In the UK there is much media and political focus on containing the number entering the country without any corresponding heed to their health needs. 

Methods: The aim of the study is to conduct literature review of the of the UK immigration and health policies and their impact on migrant’s health and their right to healthcare. The study used Pub-med, google scholar, website of UK government department, NGO’s and research institute reports on migration to search and select the relevant literature. The identified and selected literate was analysed by using the migration process framework. The study uses the modified 4-staged migration framework as a conceptual tool to analyse and identify gaps in the immigration and health policies of UK.

Results: The results of the analysis reveal that UK immigration and health policies have developed in tandem.  The UK immigration and health policies align well with the pre-departure phase and the destination phases with dominant emphasis on containment of communicable disease. Yet the travel and inception phases of the migration framework are not well aligned in relation to the health needs of migrants. There is little coordination on the health needs of returnee migrants between the country of origin and destination. There is profound lack of lack of cooperation of Uk with interception countries, EU and the country of origin on managing interception and return phases of the migration.

Conclusion: Migration and health are becoming inextricably intertwined despite being considered separate policy areas. The migration process framework seeks to integrate both policy domains. Applying the framework to UK reveals immigration and health policies are aligned where pre-departure phase is concerned. The coordination during inception/travel and return phase with the country of origin and EU is noticeably lacking. There is a gradual restriction of health coverage to different group of migrants with the irregular and refused asylum-seeker the worst affected. The role of media and politicians is important in initiating rational debate. Research is needed into doctor dual loyalty and how to join-up immigration and health with the health needs of migrants in the front-front of the policy making process.   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 41 p.
Series
Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341x ; 2016:13
Keyword [en]
UK immigration and health policies, right to health, health consequence of UK immigration policies, migration, health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-131500DiVA: diva2:1074617
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health (one-year)
Presentation
2016-05-24, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 10:55 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-15 Created: 2017-02-15 Last updated: 2017-02-15Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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