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The Association Between Socio-economic Status and Fruits and Vegetables consumption:: A cross-sectional study in northern Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction

Fruits and vegetables are a significant part of human nutrition. They are a source of nutrients and authors find their increased consumption to reduce the risk of certain chronic diseases. Socio-economic status has been one of the inequalities to the adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables in Europe. The study aims to assess the association between socio-economic status and the consumption of fruits and vegetables in Northern Sweden.

Methods

Therefore, a cross-sectional study, ‘Health on Equal Terms’, was conducted in 2014. This was done in four counties in Northern Sweden by residents aged 16-85years. With a response rate of 50%, the sample size consisted of 25,667. Linear regressions approach was used for the analysis.

Results

High education levels and high occupational status was significantly associated with high fruits and vegetables consumption, in both men and women. By sex, women’s increase in socio-economic status level increases their frequency of consumption as compared to the men.

Conclusion

There exists a linear association between socio-economic status and fruits and vegetable consumption among the people in northern Sweden. This should be taken into account when reforming the nutritional policies in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 32 p.
Series
Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341x ; 2016:18
Keyword [en]
Fruits, Vegetables, Socio-economic Status, northern Sweden, Health on Equal Terms
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131517OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-131517DiVA: diva2:1074805
External cooperation
Hälsa på lika vilkor 2009, Västernorrland, Norrbotten, Västerbotten och Jämtland
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health
Presentation
2016-05-23, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 09:45 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-16 Created: 2017-02-16 Last updated: 2017-02-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf