Haiti (Post-2010 Earthquake): A nation with elements of corruption that become significant barriers to its alredy struggling economic growth
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The purpose of this study is to investigate in what ways elements that are usually found in corrupt societies (poverty, income inequality, weak institutions, political instability) affect the aid work that World Bank Group has been trying to do in Haiti and how the World Bank is combatingcorruption. Corruption is hard to identify and to define. We are bringing a new perspective to identifying corruption through what we call “elements of corruption”. This study focuses on the time post the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, due to the fact that Haiti’s economy went from bad to disastrous after the earthquake. Based on the investigative nature of the research question, the research was conducted by interviewing the people who are responsible for the Haitian aid program of the World Bank. Through the use of interpretivism and constructionism, semi-structured interview questions were created to assemble the applicable data and allow unrestricted answers from the interviewees. The interviews were analyzed using a grounded theory analysis. The World Bank is an international organization that has had extensive influence in World issues since World War II. In 1944 the World Bank’s core values and goals were set out in the Article of Agreement, which mainly stated that the purpose of the World Bank is to finance postwar reconstruction and investment in developing countries. This study will also analyze how the World Bank Group tries to combat corruption as a barrier to economic growth, when they deal with a country that possesses elements of corruption. The analysis will be built upon corruption theory, which highlights the effects of corruption in economies and the way corruption is dealt with.The results of this study show that the elements of corruption that are introduced in this paper are prevalentin Haiti and have been a barrier to the aid work that the World Bank has been trying to do in Haiti since the 2010 earthquake. Some other elements of corruption are mentioned during the interviews that will be mentioned in the analysis section. Although corruption has been a barrier at times to the aid work that the World Bank has been doing in Haiti, the World Bank has developed anti-corruption strategies to ring-fence their money and to increase transparency in the government.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 48 p.
The World Bank Group, Haiti, corruption, Economic growth, weak institutions, poverty, income inequality, political instability, elements of corruption, corruption theory
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131551OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-131551DiVA: diva2:1074861
2017-01-17, 12:43 (English)