Socioeconomic Inequalities in Physical Activity: A cross-sectional study of the social gradient of leisure time physical activity in Northern Sweden
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Background Authors found socioeconomic inequality in leisure time physical activity around the world, inclusive of Sweden. However, less is known about the inequality across the social gradient. Moreover, the measures of socioeconomic position are varying, failing to involve the three most important measures - education, occupation and income - at the same time.
Purpose The aim of this study is to investigate the social gradient in sedentary leisure time, across various socioeconomic position indicators, in Northern Swedish women and men.
Methods A cross-sectional study design (N=22,975; 50% response rate), utilising data about the customs of leisure time physical activity from the Swedish Health on Equal Terms survey of 2014 in the four Northern counties of Sweden. With the help of the Swedish Personal number, the responses are linked to the Statistics Sweden registry, from where the reliable data about the socioeconomic indicators originate. Multivariate logistic regressions are used to determine the social gradient when possible confounders are controlled for. The main results are also reported stratified by sex.
Results The findings indicate the presence of a social gradient in leisure time physical activity. The odds of sedentary leisure time decreases in average with 12% in education and income and with 4% in occupation, by increasing one level of the measurement unit. The stratified analyses produced similar results.
Conclusion The results suggest that the better the individual’s socioeconomic position is, the lesser are the odds of having sedentary leisure time. This inequity needs to be addressed along the social gradient by the joint force of researchers and policy makers, in order to enable everybody to experience the grandiose health benefits of leisure time physical activity as much as those who are the best off.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 33 p.
Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341x ; 2016:28
Sedentary leisure time; socioeconomic position; inequality;
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131583OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-131583DiVA: diva2:1075057
Hälsa på lika Vilkor (HLV), Landstingen Västernorrland, Jämtland, Västerbotten och Norrbotten
Master's Programme in Public Health
2016-05-23, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 08:30 (English)
Gustafsson, Per, Associate Professor
Lindholm, Lars, Professor