Effects of socio-economic and demography characteristics on health related quality of life:: evidence from urban Vietnam
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Background : Health system in Vietnam witnesses the improvement recently, which is seen through the increase of life expectancy and the reduce of maternal and child mortality and child malnutrition. However, Vietnam has to face some health problems as the result of aging population as well as the rapid industrialization and urbanization. Meanwhile, there is lack of evidence of those factors as wells as other socio-economic determinants on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in urban areas.
Methods : This study based on cross-sectional design was carried out from December 2012 to March 2013. 1440 people, including 750 people in non-slum areas and 690 people in slum areas, were participated in study after three-stage sampling methodology. Participants were face-to-face interviewed and the survey included the EQ-5D-3L questionnaire,socio-demographic, economic questions.
Results : 1412 (98.54%) of 1440 people was agree to participate all the information for study . Number of people having NCDs contributed for 34.56% of sample population. Number of people getting 3 NCDs and above at the same time were taken to nearly 10 % of proportion of people who has non-communicable disease. HRQoL were affected by different socio-economic factors. Different dimension of EQ-5D were influenced differently. The dimension about mental health (anxiety/depression) was likely to be more influence than others dimension. The statistic significance was seen in the impact of education, non-communicable. The impacts among Slum and non-slum areas were difference in some aspect of socio-economic status, such as age, work status, non-communicable disease.
Conclusions : Mental health problems should be addressed under urbanization and industrialization situation, which need futher research to explore. Besides, intervention model to cope with NCDs should be developed in urban areas as well as community as a whole. Education is protective factor that should be set in priority in the way to increase the HRQoL.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 46 p.
Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341x ; 2016:37
Urban Vietnam, health related quality of life, Effects of socio-economic and demography characteristics
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131693OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-131693DiVA: diva2:1075325
Hanoi University of Public Health - Hoang Van Minh
Master's Programme in Public Health
2016-05-24, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 17:02 (English)
Lindholm, Lars, ProfessorKien, Vu Duy, PhD Student
San Sebastian, Miguel, Professor