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The experiences of violence against transgender people and its impacts on their health status worldwide: A scoping review
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Transgender people have been historically subjected to pathological researches of their experience and little attention has been given to violence against trans people. Violence has some stated correlations to health and we wonder if these correlations apply in a similar way to trans people.

Objectives: We aimed to assess the effects of violence against transgender people on their health status worldwide.

Search methods: We performed a scoping review, following Cochrane’s five key stages with the following search words in MEDLINE/PubMed: ‘transgender’, ‘transvestism’, ‘transvestite’, ‘transsexualism’, ‘transsexual’, ‘gender dysphoria’, and ‘gender identity disorder’; and ‘bashing’, ‘physical violence’, ‘sexual violence’, and ‘verbal violence’. The search resulted in 243 publications, of which 12 were included after applying the inclusion criteria.

Selection criteria: Only empirical studies were included. They had to be published from 1990 to the search date (March 31st 2016), in Portuguese or English, containing transgender people over 18 years old.

Main results: At first, we divided the findings in 3 major themes: physical, sexual and verbal violence and those themes were mentioned in 7 (58.3%), 5 (41.7%), and 7 (58.3%) articles, respectively. Due to significant overlaps, the theme ‘intimate partner violence’ needed to be added. Only three articles addressed possible health outcomes of violence, the others focused on listing the prevalence of violence or qualitatively describing the violent experiences. When considering the trans exclusive studies, lifetime prevalence rates of physical, sexual, verbal and intimate partner violence ranged, respectively: 20% – 51.1%, 11% – 37.6%, 32.9% – 90%, and 31.1%. Some qualitative descriptions included police (physical, sexual, and verbal) violence, lack of trust in health facilities, and violence from family.

Conclusion: We can conclude that very few studies addressed health outcomes. However, transgender people suffer from many types of violence in many settings and by many perpetrators, and that may negatively affect their health condition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 38 p.
Series
Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341x ; 2016:38
Keyword [en]
Transgender, violence, health status
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-131695DiVA: diva2:1075328
External cooperation
Brazilian NGO TransRevolução (‘Trans-Revolution’)
Educational program
Master's Programme in Public Health (one-year)
Presentation
2016-05-23, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 13:16 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-17 Created: 2017-02-17 Last updated: 2017-02-17Bibliographically approved

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