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Climate change reduces extent of temperate drylands and intensifies drought in deep soils
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2017 (English)In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 8, 14196Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Drylands cover 40% of the global terrestrial surface and provide important ecosystem services. While drylands as a whole are expected to increase in extent and aridity in coming decades, temperature and precipitation forecasts vary by latitude and geographic region suggesting different trajectories for tropical, subtropical, and temperate drylands. Uncertainty in the future of tropical and subtropical drylands is well constrained, whereas soil moisture and ecological droughts, which drive vegetation productivity and composition, remain poorly understood in temperate drylands. Here we show that, over the twenty first century, temperate drylands may contract by a third, primarily converting to subtropical drylands, and that deep soil layers could be increasingly dry during the growing season. These changes imply major shifts in vegetation and ecosystem service delivery. Our results illustrate the importance of appropriate drought measures and, as a global study that focuses on temperate drylands, highlight a distinct fate for these highly populated areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 8, 14196
National Category
Climate Research Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131868DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14196ISI: 000393027200001PubMedID: 28139649OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-131868DiVA: diva2:1077250
Available from: 2017-02-27 Created: 2017-02-27 Last updated: 2017-02-27Bibliographically approved

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Wilson, Scott D.
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Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf