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What Do Upper Secondary School Teachers Want To Know From Educational Research On ICT In Teaching And Learning?
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
Akademin för utbildning och ekonomi, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap, Högskolan i Gävle.
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction

The purpose of this paper is to (a) present and discuss a multi-dimensional context sensitive design in an educational research project focusing on IT in teaching and learning in upper secondary schools, and (b) report what participating teachers want the resource to focus on. 

The project in focus in this paper is financed by the Swedish Research Council and will run between 2015-2018. The project embraces three levels of stakeholders – students, teachers and school leaders. This paper concerns the teachers and the importance of research projects being firmly based in the teachers' own previous experiences, their questions and expectations on the project. The question posted is how the design of the project potentially can contribute with a long-term effect by providing knowledge and insights of importance when establishing sustainable ecologies of teaching and learning with IT in the schools?

Over the last 15 years there has been a continuing discussion about ICT in schools (Olofsson, Lindberg, Fransson & Hauge, 2015). This both on a policy level (cf. the European Commission, 2008: OECD, 2010) and within the research community (cf. Cox, 2012; Beckman, Bennett and Lockyer, 2014). Promising words on a policy level seem that stand in somewhat contrast to what a rather large body of research in this field reports. For example McGarr (2009) claims a lack of evidence that ICT in school in fact change neither the practice nor the pedagogy. Voogt et al. (2011), claim the necessity of a substantial body of research studies showing that the IT in schools change educational practices and have a positive effect on students' learning experiences. Säljö (2010) that the results of the use of ICT in schools are seldom obvious or successful at a general or a subject-specific level. In Sweden, Håkansson Lindqvist (2015) concludes, the absence of up-to date and research-based strategies for the use of IT in upper secondary schools is noteworthy.

Even though significant efforts are done to improve the use of IT in schools, research seems to conclude that a lot of work remains. One might ask why. In this paper we can think of at least three reasons to this. First, and in line with Hayes (2006), research that reports negative results in relation to schools' integration of IT tends to focus on indicators that can be identified in all schools, which means that there is a tendency for the results to be generalised. Further that so far studies have not enough considered the contextual factors that are unique to each school. Second, in line with Tondeur et al. (2009), that in order to understand the integration and use of IT in schools, research studies need to include structural and cultural factors and different levels in their design. Third, Third, implementing ICT must go hand in hand with teachers professional development to gain sustainability. In this, it has been claimed that the outcome of professional development to a great extent are influenced by "teachers subjectivity, which includes perceptions, previous knowledge, and the internalization of the power and influence present in educational policy and socioeconomic realities." (Fore, et.al. 2015, p. 101). This call for to strengthen teachers influence and agency in professional development and implementation as well as in research. 

In order to capture the emergence and development of teaching and learning with IT the design theoretically draws on notions as task perception, agency, and  enactment as well as the TPACK-framework (Mishra & Koehler, 2008). Most important for this presentation is the notion of task perception, the self-understanding based on deeply held values and beliefs about the purpose with the education and one's own tasks and responsibilities (Kelchtermans, 2009), agency, the way in which individuals "critically shape their response to problematic situations" (Biesta & Tedder, 2006, p. 11), and how these interact in the enactment of ICT.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Educational Research Association, Freie Universität Berlin , 2016.
Keyword [en]
ICT, digital competence, teacher, education
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131980OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-131980DiVA: diva2:1077518
Conference
The European Conference on Educational Research (ECER), 23-26 August 2016, Dublin, Ireland
Available from: 2017-02-27 Created: 2017-02-27 Last updated: 2017-06-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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