Phenotypic characterization of the Francisella tularensis Delta pdpC and Delta iglG mutants
2016 (English)In: Microbes and infection, ISSN 1286-4579, E-ISSN 1769-714X, Vol. 18, no 12, 768-776 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Several bacterial pathogens interact with their host through protein secretion effectuated by a type VI secretion system (T6SS). Francisella tularensis is a highly pathogenic intracellular bacterium that causes the disease tularemia. Proteins encoded by the Francisella pathogenicity island (FPI), which constitute a type VI secretion system, are essential for the virulence of the bacterium and a key mechanism behind this is the escape from the phagosome followed by productive cytosolic replication. It has been shown that T6SS in Francisella is distinct since all putative substrates of F. tularensis T6SS, except for VgrG, are unique to the species. Many of the FPI proteins are secreted into the macrophage cytosol and this is dependent on the functional components of DotU, VgrG, IglC and IglG. In addition, PdpC seems to have a regulatory role for the expression of iglABCD. Since previous results showed peculiar phenotypes of the Delta pdpC and Delta iglG mutants in mouse macrophages, their unique behavior was characterized in human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDM) in this study. Our results show that both Delta pdpC and Delta iglG mutants of the live vaccine strain (LVS) of F. tularensis did not replicate within HMDMs. The Delta pdpC mutant did not escape from the Francisella containing phagosome (FCP), neither caused cytopathogenicity in primary macrophages and was attenuated in a mouse model. Interestingly, the Delta iglG mutant escaped from the HMDMs FCP and also caused pathological changes in the spleen and liver tissues of intradermally infected C57BL/6 mice. The Delta iglG mutant, with its unique phenotype, is a potential vaccine candidate.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 18, no 12, 768-776 p.
Francisella tularensis, iglG, pdpC, Human macrophages, Pathogenesis in mice
Microbiology in the medical area
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-132045DOI: 10.1016/j.micinf.2016.07.006ISI: 000391781300006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-132045DiVA: diva2:1085099