Effects of Parent Training Programs onParental Stress in a General SwedishPopulation Sample
2017 (English)In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7199, Vol. 8, 700-716 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This is a confirmatory study that assessed the effects of parent training programson parental stress in a general population. There is a need to repeat andconfirm earlier findings to acquire solid knowledge for policy stakeholders. Ina quasi-experimental design, self-reported data were gathered at three occasionsfrom 83 parents of children between the ages from one to ten years.These parents had responded to advertisements of parent training programs,and were matched to a comparison group of 83 parents chosen from a governmentaldatabase. Parent training program based upon behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, Adlerian and family system-theories. Parental stress due toincompetence, role restriction, social isolation, spousal relationship problems,and health problems were measured by the Swedish Parenthood Stress Questionnairethat is based on the Parent Stress Index Scale. The data indicated areduction of stress in the sub-scale of health problems among parents in theintervention group with an effect size of 0.33, however, no other subscaleshowed the intervention as a significant variable when controlling for confoundingvariables. This study adds on the accumulated knowledge of supportinginterventions for parents. We conclude that parent training programshave a significant effect on the stress components of parental health when implementedin real-life settings.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 8, 700-716 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133099OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-133099DiVA: diva2:1086050