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Developing Intervention Strategies to Optimise Body Composition in Early Childhood in South Africa
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2017 (English)In: BioMed Research International, ISSN 2314-6133, E-ISSN 2314-6141, 5283457Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose. The purpose of this research was to collect data to inform intervention strategies to optimise body composition in South African preschool children. Methods. Data were collected in urban and rural settings. Weight status, physical activity, and gross motor skill assessmentswere conducted with 341 3-6-year-old children, and 55 teachers and parents/caregivers participated in focus groups. Results. Overweight and obesity were a concern in low-income urban settings (14%), but levels of physical activity and gross motor skills were adequate across all settings. Focus group findings from urban and rural settings indicated that teachers would welcome input on leading activities to promote physical activity and gross motor skill development. Teachers and parents/caregivers were also positive about young children being physically active. Recommendations for potential intervention strategies include a teacher-training component, parent/child activitymornings, and a home-based component for parents/caregivers. Conclusion. The findings suggest that an intervention focussed on increasing physical activity and improving gross motor skills per se is largely not required but that contextually relevant physical activity and gross motor skills may still be useful for promoting healthy weight and a vehicle for engaging with teachers and parents/caregivers for promoting other child outcomes, such as cognitive development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
HINDAWI LTD , 2017. 5283457
National Category
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-132833DOI: 10.1155/2017/5283457ISI: 000394947300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-132833DiVA: diva2:1087084
Available from: 2017-04-05 Created: 2017-04-05 Last updated: 2017-04-05Bibliographically approved

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Kahn, Kathleen
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Epidemiology and Global Health
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf