Population-based study shows that teenage girls with asthma had impaired health-related quality of life.
2017 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
AIM: This study examined the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of teenagers with and without asthma, including the impact of their sex, allergic conditions, smoking, living conditions and physical activity.
METHODS: The Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) studies recruited a cohort of schoolchildren in 2006. The parents of all children aged 7-8 years in three municipalities were invited to complete a questionnaire and 2,585 (96%) participated. The cohort was followed up at the ages of 11-12 years and 14-15 years with high participation rates. At 14-15 years, the HRQoL questionnaire KIDSCREEN-10 and Asthma Control Test were added.
RESULTS: Girls with current asthma at 14-15 years had a lower mean HRQoL score than girls without asthma (46.4 versus 49.3, p<0.001), but this was not seen among boys (53.8 versus 52.8, p=0.373). Poor HRQoL was related to current asthma, uncontrolled asthma and teenage onset of asthma. It was also related to eczema, living in a single parent household, maternal smoking, daily smoking and inversely related to physical activity.
CONCLUSION: Teenage girls with asthma had lower HRQoL than girls without asthma. Possible interventions to improve HRQoL among teenagers with asthma were identified: increasing asthma control, preventing smoking and promoting physical activity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
asthma control, health-related quality of life, physical activity, smoking, teenagers
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133419DOI: 10.1111/apa.13847PubMedID: 28345180OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-133419DiVA: diva2:1087788