Chronic Conditions and Health Care Needs of Adolescents Born at 23 to 25 Weeks' Gestation
2017 (English)In: Pediatrics, ISSN 0031-4005, E-ISSN 1098-4275, Vol. 139, no 2, e20162215Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: We examined chronic conditions, functional limitations, and special health care needs in extremely preterm children (EPT; 23-25 weeks' gestation) born between 1992 and 1998 at 2 Swedish tertiary care centers that offered regional and active perinatal care to all live-born EPT infants. METHODS: Of 134 surviving EPT children, 132 (98%) were assessed at 10 to 15 years of age alongside 103 term-born controls. Identification of children with functional limitations and special health care needs was based on a questionnaire administered to parents. Categorization of medical diagnoses and developmental disabilities was based on child examinations, medical record reviews, and parent questionnaires. RESULTS: In logistic regression analyses adjusting for social risk factors and sex, the EPT children had significantly more chronic conditions than the term-born controls, including functional limitations (64% vs 6%; odds ratio [OR], 15; 95% confidence interval [CI], 6.1-37.2; P < .001), compensatory dependency needs (60% vs 29%; OR, 3.8; 95% CI, 2.2-6.6; P < .001), and services above those routinely required by children (64% vs 25%; OR, 5.4; 95% CI, 3.0-9.6; P < .001). Specific diagnoses and disabilities for the EPT group versus controls included cerebral palsy (9.1% vs 0%; P < .001), asthma (21.2% vs 6.8%; P = 001), IQ < -2 SD (31.1% vs 4.9%; P < .001), poor motor skills without neurosensory impairment (21.9% vs 1.9%; P < .001), and psychiatric conditions (15.2% vs 1.9%; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents born EPT have considerable long-term health and educational needs. Few had severe impairments that curtailed major activities of daily life.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 139, no 2, e20162215
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-132302DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-2215ISI: 000393035100016PubMedID: 28108580OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-132302DiVA: diva2:1088136