The employment environment for youth in rural South Africa: A mixed-methods study
2017 (English)In: Development Southern Africa, ISSN 0376-835X, E-ISSN 1470-3637, Vol. 34, no 1, 17-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
South Africa has high youth unemployment. This article examines the predictors of youth employment in rural Agincourt, Mpumalanga Province. A survey of 187 out-of-school 18 to 24 year olds found that only 12% of women and 38% of men were currently employed. Men with skills/training were significantly more likely to report employment, mostly physical labour (adjusted odds ratio: 4.5; confidence interval: 1.3, 15.3). In-depth interviews with 14 of the youth revealed that women are perceived more suitable for formal employment, which is scarce, informing why women were more likely to pursue further education and yet less likely to be employed. Ten key informants from local organisations highlighted numerous local youth employment resources while, in contrast, all youth in the sample said no resources were available, highlighting a need for the organisations to extend their services into rural areas. Because these services are focused on entrepreneurship, programmes to increase financial literacy and formal employment opportunities are also needed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 34, no 1, 17-32 p.
Youth, employment, rural
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133254DOI: 10.1080/0376835X.2016.1259986ISI: 000395041400002PubMedID: 28190915OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-133254DiVA: diva2:1088363