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Religious radicalization in Indonesia and beyond: Mechanisms and processes
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
2017 (English)Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Radicalization can be described as a change in beliefs, feelings and behaviors in directions that increasingly legitimize collective violence. The final stage is typically the actual undertaking of violent acts in support of a political cause. Why do some people move toward violence and how do they move in this direction? In this paper, I describe mechanisms of radicalization relevant to understanding the origins of religious violence. Based on theory and empirical data, I argue that some people are exposed to a combination of factors – political, socioeconomic, ideological, and/or social – that cause them to be more vulnerable to radicalization than others. The process by which people come to join a militant religious group and internalize its collective action frame is conceptualized as a process of mobilization. I make a distinction between two types of mobilization: informal and elite-directed mobilization. Informal mobilization occurs through loosely connected networks based mainly on personal friendship as well as shared school, workplace, or neighborhood. In elite-directed mobilization, religious leaders exploit grievances by creating and directing – inclusive or exclusive – groups through which mobilization takes place. In the case of Indonesia, I show how national and transnational networks facilitate radicalization in various ways, for example, by creating a shared sense of identity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134320OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-134320DiVA: diva2:1092011
Conference
Risks, roots, and responses: Nordic conference on research on violent extremism
Available from: 2017-04-28 Created: 2017-04-28 Last updated: 2017-04-28

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Lindgren, Tomas
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • nn-NO
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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