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Estimation of number and size of QTL effects in forest tree traits
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Umeå Plant Science Centre, Department of Forest Genetics and Plant PhysiologySwedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Tree Genetics & Genomes, ISSN 1614-2942, E-ISSN 1614-2950, Vol. 12, no 6, 110Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mapping the genetic architecture of forest tree traits is important in order to understand the evolutionary forces that have shaped these traits and to facilitate the development of genomic-based breeding strategies. We examined the number, size, and distribution of allelic effects influencing eight types of traits using 30 published mapping studies (linkage and association mapping) in forest trees. The sizes of allelic effects, measured as the phenotypic variance explained, generally showed a severely right-skewed distribution. We estimated the numbers of underlying causal effects (n(qtl)) for different trait categories by improving a method previously developed by Otto and Jones (Genetics 156: 2093-2107, 2000). Estimates of n(qtl) based on association mapping studies were generally higher (median at 643) than those based on linkage mapping (median at 33). Comparisons with simulated linkage and association mapping data suggested that the lower n(qtl) estimates for the linkage mapping studies could partly be explained by fewer causal loci segregating within the full-sib family populations normally used, but also by the cosegregation of causal loci due to limited recombination. Disease resistance estimates based on linkage mapping studies had the lowest median of four underlying effects, while growth traits based on association mapping had about 580 effects. Theoretically, the capture of 50% of the genetic variation would thus require a population size of about 200 for disease resistance in linkage mapping, while growth traits in association mapping would require about 25,000. The adequacy and reliability of the improved method was successfully verified by applying it to the simulated data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2016. Vol. 12, no 6, 110
Keyword [en]
Association mapping, Linkage (QTL) mapping, Linkage disequilibrium, QTL number estimate, Size of QTL effect
National Category
Forest Science Genetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-133915DOI: 10.1007/s11295-016-1073-0ISI: 000397238800010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-133915DiVA: diva2:1092217
Available from: 2017-05-02 Created: 2017-05-02 Last updated: 2017-05-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf