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Birkasvenskan/Hedebynordiskan: Kring en språkhistorisk konstruktion
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts. Institutionen för språkstudier. (Nordliga studier)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8748-9934
2017 (Swedish)In: Studier i svensk språkhistoria 14 / [ed] Harry Lönnroth, Bodil Haagensen, Maria Kvist & Kim Sandvad West, Vasa: Vasa universitet / Vaasan Yliopisto , 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This contribution examines Bengt Hesselman’s (1936) and Gun Widmark’s (1994a, 2001, 2010) thesis about the existence of the so-called Birkasvensk/Hedebynordisk variety. This assumed Viking Age variety is supposed to have been spread from Hedeby in Southern Jutland to the Swedish and Norwegian language areas. From Birka, but also from Kaupang, a further diffusion then took place. Basically the language features were supposed to emanate from the adjacent West Germanic area. The features that are discussed are, e.g., diphthongization of ē 2 to ia/iä, monophthongization of au to ō and disappearance of initial h. These language features and their distribution in the Scandinavian languages are discussed in great detail in this contribution, and the result is that a Birkasvensk/Hedebynordisk variety probably did not exist. The reasons are that the status of the language features in question in the West Germanic area in several cases is very difficult to establish, that the distribution patterns in Scandinavia differ quite markedly if the different features are compared, and that good alternative explanations of the sound developments and the distribution patterns do exist. Nevertheless, the discussion is important, since it has given the language historians opportunities to assume wider geographical perspectives, as in this case the language history is thereby discussed in a historical context. The discussion of a Birkasvensk/Hedebynordisk variety also has the effect that sociolinguistic perspectives on the Viking Age language will be considered. Hesselman’s thesis has not really been seriously discussed until the last decades and the author also discusses the reasons for this.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Vasa: Vasa universitet / Vaasan Yliopisto , 2017.
Keyword [en]
Scandinavian languages, Hedeby, Birka, Kaupang, Viking Age, language history, Swedish dialects, Norwegian dialects, Danish dialects, sociolinguistics, Bengt Hesselman, Gun Widmark
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
Scandinavian Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-134854OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-134854DiVA: diva2:1095389
Note

[Plenarföredrag vid Svenska språkets historia, 14, Vasa, den 9–10 juni 2016.

Artikeln accepted.

Artikeln omfattar 43 sidor + 6  kartor, och antologien uppges utges hösten 2017.

Available from: 2017-05-12 Created: 2017-05-12 Last updated: 2017-05-20

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf