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A resonator sensor for measurement of intraocular pressure--evaluation in an in vitro pig-eye model.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences.
2000 (English)In: Physiological Measurement, ISSN 0967-3334, E-ISSN 1361-6579, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 355-67Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement is performed routinely at every eye clinic. High IOP, which can be a sign of glaucoma, can lead to degeneration of the retina and can cause blindness. In this study we developed a resonator sensor for IOP measurement based on an oscillator consisting of a piezoelectric element made of lead zirconate titanate, a flat contact piece of nylon and a feedback circuit. The aim of this study was to evaluate the new sensor's ability to determine lOP in an in vitro pig-eye model. Six eyes from four pigs were removed and fixed in agar. They were then pressurized by a saline column (10-35 cm H2O) through a cannula inserted into the vitreous chamber. The IOP was measured with the resonator sensor applied to cornea. An Alcon applanation pneumatonometer and a standard Viggo-Spectramed pressure sensor connected to the saline column were used as references. The IOP as measured with the resonator sensor correlated well with the pressure elicited by the saline column for individual eyes (r = 0.96-0.99, n = 60) and for all eyes (r = 0.92, n = 360). The correlation between the resonance sensor and the pneumatonometer was r = 0.92 (n = 360). The pneumatonometer also showed a good correlation with the saline column (r = 0.98, n = 360). We conclude that our in vitro pig-eye model made it possible to induce reproducible variation in IOP, and measurement of that pressure with the newly developed resonator sensor gave very promising results for development of a clinically applicable IOP tonometer with unique properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 21, no 3, p. 355-67
National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-135120PubMedID: 10984204OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-135120DiVA, id: diva2:1096759
Available from: 2017-05-19 Created: 2017-05-19 Last updated: 2018-06-09

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Eklund, Anders

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