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Step-by-step guide to reduce spatial coherence of laser light using a rotating ground glass diffuser
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1746-5157
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Physics.
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2017 (English)In: Applied Optics, ISSN 1559-128X, E-ISSN 2155-3165, Vol. 56, no 19, 5427-5435 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Wide field-of-view imaging of fast processes in a microscope requires high light intensities motivating the use of lasers as light sources. However, due to their long spatial coherence length, lasers are inappropriate for such applications, as they produce coherent noise and parasitic reflections, such as speckle, degrading image quality. Therefore, we provide a step-by-step guide for constructing a speckle-free and high-contrast laser illumination setup using a rotating ground glass diffuser driven by a stepper motor. The setup is easy to build, cheap, and allows a significant light throughput of 48%, which is 40% higher in comparison to a single lens collector commonly used in reported setups. This is achieved by using only one objective to collect the scattered light from the ground glass diffuser. We validate our setup in terms of image quality, speckle contrast, motor-induced vibrations, and light throughput. To highlight the latter, we record Brownian motion of micro-particles using a 100x oil immersion objective and a high-speed camera operating at 2000 Hz with a laser output power of only 22 mW. Moreover, by reducing the objective magnification to 50x, sampling rates up to 10,000 Hz are realized. To help readers with basic or advanced optics knowledge realize this setup, we provide a full component list, 3D-printing CAD files, setup protocol, and the code for running the stepper motor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Optical Society of America, 2017. Vol. 56, no 19, 5427-5435 p.
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-135625DOI: 10.1364/AO.56.005427ISI: 000404745800041OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-135625DiVA: diva2:1104338
Available from: 2017-06-01 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2017-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Stangner, TimHanqing, ZhangTobias, DahlbergKrister, WiklundAndersson, Magnus
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