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Prediktion mellan depression, ångest och utbrändhet – kan socialt stöd och fysisk aktivitet verka som skyddsfaktorer?
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka hur depression, ångest och utbrändhet predicerar varandra samt att undersöka om social stöd och fysisk aktivitet kan verka som skyddsfaktorer för dessa prediktionssamband. Studien hade en longitudinell design, och enkäten besvarades 2010 och 2013 av ett slumpmässigt urval på 2336 individer i Västerbotten. Symptom på ångest och depression uppmättes med Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale och symptom på utbrändhet uppmättes med Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire. Logistiska regressionsanalyser genomfördes. Depression ökade risken för utveckling av ångest (oddskvot, OK=1,78) och utbrändhet (OK=2,21). Ångest ökade risken för utveckling av depression (OK=2,28) och utbrändhet (OK=2,23). Utbrändhet ökade risken för utveckling av depression (OK=3,07) och ångest (OK=2,25). Det var en signifikant mindre andel individer med socialt stöd än utan socialt stöd som utvecklade utbrändhet från depression eller ångest, och från ångest till depression. Det fanns inget stöd för fysisk aktivitet som skyddande faktor för prediktionssambanden. 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine the prediction between depression, anxiety and burnout and whether social support and physical activity can act as protective factors for these predictions. The study had a longitudinal design and a questionnaire was responded to in 2010 and 2013 by a randomized sample of 2336 individuals in Västerbotten, Sweden. The symptoms of depression and anxiety were measured with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the symptoms of burnout with the Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire. Logistic regression analyses were performed. Depression increased the risk of developing anxiety (oddsratio, OR=1.78) and burnout (OR=2.21). Anxiety increased the risk of developing depression (OR=2.28) and burnout (OR=2.23). Burnout increased the risk of developing depression (OR=3.07) and anxiety (OR=2.25). A significant smaller proportion of the individuals who had access to social support developed burnout from depression or anxiety, in contrast to the individuals who did not have access to social support. It was the same with development from anxiety to depression. There was no evidence for physical activity being a protective factor for the examined predictions. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 18 p.
Keyword [sv]
Depression, Ångest, Utbrändhet, Socialt stöd, Fysisk aktivitet, Prediktion, HADS, SMBQ
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-135640OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-135640DiVA: diva2:1104494
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi; Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology; Masters Programme in Sports Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-01 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2017-06-01Bibliographically approved

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Prediktion mellan depression, ångest och utbrändhet – kan socialt stöd och fysisk aktivitet verka som skyddsfaktorer?(795 kB)16 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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