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Att kompensera förlorade naturvärden i urbana miljöer: En marknanvändningskonflikt mellan exploatering och bevarandet av grönytor?
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The last decades have been characterized by urbanization due to that the cities have widened and increased remarkably in number of inhabitants. The urbanization trend has led to a high pressure on land resources in the city. Many municipalities have therefore developed urban densification as a city development strategy. However, it is not uncommon that urban densification claims the green spaces as a suitable area in exploitation purpose. The reduced urban green areas have contributed to the valuable natural and cultural values are lost. To take compensatory measures of green spaces exploitation has therefore become an increasingly important tool for the modern urban planning. Though urban green spaces have a lot of positive effects in human health and for the environment, many municipalities in Sweden still do not have a strategy of the city greenery neither a strategy of compensation measures.

This paper aims to investigate and to examine the extent to which compensation measures have been taken for a sample of zoning plans in the cities Umeå, Skellefteå and Piteå. The analysis is based on municipal guide lines of land and water use as well as the zoning plans and interviews with responsible officials in each city. To answer the questions to which compensation measures are used in exploitation of urban green areas and how the urban environment in each town has changed over time a literature study was made as well as a spatial overview in GIS and presentation of relevant data.

The findings in this study shows that all the investigated cities have adopted a population goal that increases pressure on new housing. Neither of the studied zoning plans has applied adequate compensation measures even though the exploitation is planned on urban green spaces. Neither do any of the municipalities have a strategic approach for urban green areas despite the national authority Boverkets (2012) recommendation for achieving a sustainable urban planning in the present and in the future. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 50 p.
Keyword [en]
urban green areas, urban densification, urban planning, green space compensatory
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-135659OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-135659DiVA: diva2:1104775
External cooperation
Sweco Architects AB
Subject / course
Examensarbete i Geografi, för kandidatexamen
Educational program
Programme in Urban and Regional Planning
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-06-07 Created: 2017-06-01 Last updated: 2017-06-07Bibliographically approved

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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 12536 kBChecksum SHA-512
96a040a905348b3a8ac28b829b6ae5ef1e230d43b32b36bff47960c2b054cd42a34f872d3178d1cd7e5a5d040a945cb28ec305061a043c10b41ebba0905fe89c
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf