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Perspectives about health outcomes related to food among Nordic children
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
Child and Youth Research institute, Turku, Finland,.
Faculty of Education, Bergen University College, Bergren, Norway,.
School of Education, University of Iceland.
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2016 (English)Conference paper, Poster (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Perspectives about health outcomes related to food among Nordic children

Linda Berggren* 1, Sanna Talvia2, Eldbjørg Fossgard3, Unnur Björk Arnfjörð4, Agneta Hörnell 1, Anna Ólafsdóttir 4,Ingibjörg Gunnarsdóttir 5, Hege Wergedahl 3, Hanna Lagström 6, Maria Waling1, Cecilia Olsson1

1Umeå University, Department of food and nutrition, Umeå, Sweden, 2Child and Youth Research institute, Turku, Finland,3Faculty of Education, Bergen University College, Bergren, Norway, 4School of Education, University of Iceland, 5TheNational University Hospital of Iceland , Unit for Nutrition Research, Reykjavik, Iceland, 6University of Turku, TurkuInstitute of Child and Youth Research, Turku, Finland

Preferred presentation type: Only Poster

Background and aims: Dietary intake in school has previously been studied but little is known about Nordic children’sperspectives on food healthiness in the school lunch context. This study aims to explore 10-year-old Nordic children’sperspectives on outcomes of healthy eating in the school lunch context.

Methods: Seventy-two focus groups were conducted in Sweden, Finland, Norway and Iceland with a total of 423participants. A flexible topic guide and 14 preselected photos displaying different school lunch contexts were used asstimuli material. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using thematic analysis.

Results: Children reasoned that school lunch are and should be healthy since the food eaten at school has short andlong term outcomes related to cognitive and physical health. It was commonly expressed that food eaten in school affectsschool work and functioning in learning activities. It was also stated that food eaten in school can have negative andpositive effects on your mood, e.g. eating unhealthy food or an insufficient amount of food, puts you in a bad mood whichcan affect the rest of the school day. The discussions mainly relied on negative short term effects such as feeling ill andreduced stamina. Some food and food groups such as vegetables, milk and fish, were mentioned in a more positivesense highlighting the positive short- and long term outcomes on health. When describing the long-term outcomes ofeating, children mentioned that healthy eating helps to build muscles, grow and prevent diseases, such as cancer anddiabetes. Sugar and fat was frequently mentioned as being the cause of overweight and some other diseases.

Conclusion: In general, Nordic children have an adequate understanding of established relations between food andhealth. Yet, we know that many pupils do not eat according to recommendations. This highlights the importance of takingthe complexity of food choice into consideration in nutritional education.

Disclosure of Interest: None to declare

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Food and Nutrition
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-135664OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-135664DiVA: diva2:1104857
Conference
NNC2016 - 11th Nordic nutrition conference, June 20-22, 2016, Gothenburg
Available from: 2017-06-02 Created: 2017-06-02 Last updated: 2017-06-12Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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