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Upplevelsen av fysisk aktivitet vid depression och dess tillämpning i ett internetbehandlingsprogram
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Depression är en global sjukdom och miljoner människor i världen är drabbade. Socialstyrelsen rekommenderar bland annat kognitiv beteende terapi (KBT) vid depressionsbehandling, och internetbaserad KBT (iKBT) blir allt mer vanligt. Fysisk aktivitet anges som möjlighet vid depressionsbehandling och forskning visar att fysisk aktivitet verkar både symtomreducerande och förebyggande mot depression. Målet med uppsatsen var att utforska upplevelsen av fysisk aktivitet som komplement i psykologisk behandling vid depression, motiverande respektive hindrande faktorer för ökning av fysisk aktivitet vid depression samt utveckla en modul i ett internetbehandlingsprogram och undersöka upplevelsen av denna. Tio semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med nio psykologer och en individ som genomgått depressionsbehandling via internet. Erfarenheten av depressionbehandling, fysisk aktivitet och internetbaserad behandling varierade inom gruppen. Genom en induktiv och deduktiv tematisk analys fastställdes fem huvudteman: Tilltro till fysisk aktivitet som komplement i behandling, Hinder för utförandet av fysisk aktivitet i allmänhet och vid depression, Faktorer för att öka sannolikheten till fysisk aktivitet vid depression, Modulens sätt att förmedla information och Modulens viktigaste faktorer. I studien framkom att fysisk aktivitet ses som ett viktigt komplement i behandling av depression, men att hinder kan begränsa utförandet av den. Det framkom även att motiverande faktorer är viktiga inslag i behandlingen för att öka aktiviteten och nå varaktig beteendeförändring. Modulen upplevdes som ett viktigt tillägg till Depressionshjälpen men bör revideras utifrån vissa faktorer.   

Abstract [en]

Depression is a global illness and millions of people over the world are affected. Socialstyrelsen recommends Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for depression treatment, and computer based CBT (iCBT) is becoming more common. Physical activity is listed as one possibility for treatment of depression and research shows that it reduces symptoms as well as prevents depression. The aim of this study was to investigate the experience of physical activity as a complement to psychological treatment of depression, motivational and preventive factors for increase of physical activity for people with depression, and develop a module in a computer based treatment program and explore the experience of it. Ten semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine psychologists and one person who had undergone computer based depression treatment. The experience of depression treatment, physical activity and internet based treatment varied within the group. From both inductive and deductive thematic analyses five main themes were established: Confidence in physical activity as a complement in treatment, Obstacles for the execution of physical activity in general and during depression, Factors that could increase the likelihood of physical activity during depression, The module’s way to convey information and The module’s most important factors. The main results of the study showed that physical activity is an important complement in treatment for depression, but obstacles could reduce its execution. Motivational factors are important for increasing and maintaining physical activity. The module was experienced as an important addition to Depressionshjälpen but should be revised based on certain factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Computer based therapy: Physical activity: Depression
Keyword [sv]
Internetbehandling: Fysisk aktivitet: Depression
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-135667OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-135667DiVA: diva2:1104869
External cooperation
Anonymt
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi; Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology; Masters Programme in Sports Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-02 Created: 2017-06-02 Last updated: 2017-06-02Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Upplevelsenavfysiskaktivitetviddepressionochdesstillämpningiettinternetbehandlingsprogram(1509 kB)17 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Tropp, MariaBrenje, Kamilla
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf