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Mechanism of Layer Formation on Olivine Bed Particles in Industrial-Scale Dual Fluid Bed Gasification of Wood
Technische Universität Wien, Institute of Chemical Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Engineering.
Technische Universität Wien, Institute of Chemical Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Engineering. (Thermochemical Energy Conversion Laboratory)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5777-9241
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2016 (English)In: Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, E-ISSN 1520-5029, Vol. 30, no 9, p. 7410-7418Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Utilization of biomass as feedstock in dual fluidized bed steam gasification is a promising technology for the substitution of fossil energy carriers. Experience from industrial-scale power plants showed an alteration of the olivine bed material due to interaction with biomass ash components. This change results mainly in the formation of Ca-rich layers on the bed particles. In this paper, a mechanism for layer formation is proposed and compared to the better understood mechanism for layer formation on quartz bed particles. Olivine bed material was sampled at an industrial-scale power plant before the start of operation and at predefined times after the operation had commenced. Therefore, time-dependent layer formation under industrial-scale conditions could be investigated. The proposed mechanism suggests that the interaction between wood biomass ash and olivine bed particles is based on a solid–solid substitution reaction, where Ca2+ is incorporated into the crystal structure. As a consequence, Fe2+/3+ and Mg2+ ions are expelled as oxides. This substitution results in the formation of cracks in the particle layer due to a volume expansion in the crystal structure once Ca2+ is incorporated. The results of this work are compared to relevant published results, including those related to quartz bed particles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 30, no 9, p. 7410-7418
National Category
Other Chemistry Topics Inorganic Chemistry Energy Engineering
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-136293DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b01522ISI: 000383641000056OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-136293DiVA, id: diva2:1110278
Available from: 2017-06-15 Created: 2017-06-15 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Skoglund, NilsBoström, Dan

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