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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter och strategier av att vårda barn som inte talar svenska.: - En intervjustudie.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nursing's experiences and strategies of caring for children who do not speak Swedish. : An interview study. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Abstrakt

Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskornas erfarenheter och strategier av att kommunicera med barn som inte talar svenska.

Bakgrund: Då invandringen i Sverige har ökat mycket de senaste åren behöver sjuksköterskornas erfarenheter kring att vårda barn som inte talar svenska belysas eftersom kommunikationen i vården är avgörande för att kunna ge en god vård.

Design: Studien har en deskriptiv design med en kvalitativ ansats.

Metod: Tio sjuksköterskor intervjuades i januari- februari 2017. Erfarenheten hos sjuksköterskorna var minst 2 års erfarenhet på barnavdelning eller barnmottagning. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes på två sjukhus och sedan analyserades intervjuerna med kvalitativ innehållsanalys som resulterade i tre kategorier och tio underkategorier.

Resultat: Utifrån sjuksköterskornas erfarenheter och strategier skapades tre huvudkategorier: Konsekvenser av kommunikationssvårigheter, Att individanpassa utifrån patientens behov och Användning av olika hjälpmedel. Dessa kategorier framställs i tio underkategorier.

Slutsats: Att inte kunna förmedla sig på ett adekvat sätt till barnen skapar frustration och oro hos sjuksköterskorna. Det finns flera olika strategier som kan användas vid kommunikation såsom kroppsspråk, bilder och tolk. 

Abstract [en]

Title: Nursing's experiences and strategies of caring for children who do not speak Swedish. An interview study.

 

Abstract

Aim: To describe nurses' experiences and strategies of communicating with children who do not speak Swedish. Background: As immigration in Sweden has increased greatly in recent years nurses have experienced caring for children who do not speak Swedish highlighted due to communication in healthcare being essential to provide good care. Design: The study has a descriptive design with a qualitative approach. Method: Ten nurses were interviewed in January and February 2017. The experience of the nurses was at least 2 years of experience in the children's ward. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in two different hospitals, then the interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis which resulted in three categories and ten subcategories.

Result: Based on the experiences and strategies of nurses, three main categories were created: Consequences of communication difficulties, Individualization based on patient needs and The use of various aids. These categories are then divided in to ten subcategories.

Conclusion: Being unable to communicate adequately with the children creates frustration and concern among nurses. There are several different strategies that can be implemented for communication, such as body language, images and interpreters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [sv]
Barn, Kommunikation, Kulturell omvårdnad, Kvalitativ innehållsanalys, Sjuksköterska, Upplevelser.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-136408OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-136408DiVA: diva2:1110939
Subject / course
Magisterkurs i omvårdnad
Educational program
Graduate Programme in Pediatric Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-27 Created: 2017-06-16 Last updated: 2017-06-27Bibliographically approved

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