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Affect school, Virya yoga, and Compassion-focused therapy: a controlled clinical trial of an integrative group treatment
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The present study investigated the efficacy of an eight-week integrative group

treatment, consisting of Affect school (AS), Compassion-focused therapy (CFT),

and Virya yoga in comparison with treatment as usual (TAU), an eight-week

cognitive behavioural group treatment. The sample consisted of patients with mild

to moderate mixed depression and anxiety (N  = 31) in a primary healthcare centre.

Correlations were investigated between treatment outcomes, and the change in

alexithymia, self-compassion, and amount of yoga practice between sessions in the

intervention group (n  = 14). Results showed that both treatments were equally

effective. Both groups improved significantly on measures of depression and

anxiety, with large within-group effect sizes. Quality of life scores only improved

significantly in TAU. The intervention group improved significantly on measures of

self-compassion and alexithymia, with large within-group effect sizes. Significant

correlations were found between improvement in alexithymia and amount of yoga

practice; between increased self-compassion and greater quality of life, as well as

between increased self-compassion and reductions in anxiety symptoms. The

present study highlights the practice of yoga as a potential means to improve

alexithymia, and provides additional support for working with self-compassion in

psychological treatments. Future research may further investigate the long-term

effects and moderating variables influencing potential benefits of integrating AS,

CFT, and Virya yoga in psychological treatments.

Abstract [sv]

Denna studie undersökte om en åtta veckor lång gruppbehandling, bestående av

affektskola (AS), compassionfokuserad terapi (CFT) och Viryayoga, var mer effektiv

än sedvanlig behandling (TAU), bestående av en åtta veckor lång gruppbehandling

med kognitiv beteendeterapi. Deltagarna i studien var patienter på en vårdcentral

med lindriga till medelsvåra depressioner och ångestsyndrom (N = 31).

Korrelationer undersöktes mellan behandlingsutfall, och förändringar i alexitymi,

självmedkänsla, samt mängd yoga genomförd mellan sessionerna i

experimentgruppen (n = 14). Resultaten visade att båda behandlingarna var lika

effektiva. Båda grupperna förbättrades signifikant på alla mått, med stora

effektstorlekar inom grupperna, förutom livskvalité som enbart förbättrades

signifikant i TAU. Experimentgruppen förbättrades signifikant i självmedkänsla

och alexitymi, med stora effektstorlekar inom gruppen. Signifikanta korrelationer

framkom mellan förbättringen i alexitymi och mängden genomförd yoga.

Signifikanta korrelationer framkom även mellan ökad självmedkänsla och både

förbättrad livskvalité och minskade ångestsymptom. Slutligen indikerar denna 

studie att yoga potentiellt kan förbättra alexitymi, och ger ytterligare stöd för att

arbeta med självmedkänsla i psykologisk behandling. Framtida forskning bör

vidare undersöka långtidseffekter och modererande variabler som påverkar de

potentiella fördelarna med att integrera AS, CFT och Viryayoga i psykologisk

behandling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Affect school, Virya yoga, Compassion-focused therapy, physical activity, depression, anxiety, primärvård
Keyword [sv]
Affektskola, Viryayoga, compassionfokuserad terapi, fysisk aktivitet, depression, ångest, primärvård
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-136410OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-136410DiVA: diva2:1110945
External cooperation
Västerbottens Läns Landsting
Educational program
Masters Programme in Sports Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-16 Last updated: 2017-06-19Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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