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Modern hälsooro, stress och somatisering som möjliga riskfaktorer för utveckling av särskild miljökänslighet
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Modern hälsooro (MHO) har visat sig korrelera med särskilda miljökänsligheter, och flera olika somatiska symtom har korrelerat med både MHO och särskilda miljökänsligheter. Denna studie ämnade undersöka om MHO, stress och somatisering kan vara möjliga riskfaktorer för utvecklandet av särskild miljökänslighet för luktande/stickande ämnen och elektromagnetiska fält. Hierarkiska regressionsanalyser utfördes på deltagare inom befolkningsstudien Västerbotten Environmental Health Study som svarade på enkät vid två mättillfällen (2010 och 2013; n=2336). Deltagarna var 56% kvinnor och 44% män mellan åldrarna 18–79 år vid mättillfälle 1. Särskild miljökänslighet undersöktes med Chemical Sensitivity Scale for Sensory Hyperreactivity och Elelctromagnetic Field Sensitivity Scale, MHO med Modern Health Worries Scale, somatisering med Patient Health Questionnaire 15-Item Somatic Symptom Severity Scale och stress med 10-item Perceived Stress Scale. Faktorer som kontrollerades för statistiskt var ålder, kön, ångest, depression, utbrändhet och högsta utbildningsnivå. Resultaten visade att ökning i MHO över tid, men inte i stress eller somatisering, var signifikant korrelerat med ökning i miljökänslighet för luktande/stickande ämnen. För ökning i överkänslighet mot elektromagnetiska fält över tid var utöver ökning i MHO över tid även ökning i stress över tid signifikant korrelerat. Förklaringsgraden av modellen var dock låg. Som en första studie av sitt slag är den dock intressant och öppnar upp för flera uppföljningsstudier.

Abstract [en]

Modern health worry (MHW) has been shown to correlate with idiopathic environmental intolerance (IEI) and somatoform disorders in numerous studies. This study aimed to investigate if MHW, stress and somatization are possible factors in developing an IEI for chemicals and/or electromagnetic fields (EMF). Hierarchic regression analyses were conducted on data from respondents in the Västerbotten Environmental Health Survey (VEHS) who had answered the survey at two survey occasions (2010 and 2013; n=2336). The respondents were between 18-79 years old at the first survey in 2010. The respondents were 56% female and 44% male. IEI were examined with the Chemical Sensitivity Scale for Sensory Hyperreactivity and Electromagnetic Field Sensitivity Scale, MHW with the Modern Health Worries Scale, somatization with the Patient Health Questionnaire 15-Item Somatic Symptom Severity Scale and stress with the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale. Factors that were controlled for statistically were age, sex, anxiety, depression, burnout, and highest education level. Results show that an increase in MHW over time but not stress or somatization was correlated with an increase in IEI for chemicals. For an increase in IEI against EMF MHW was also correlated, but here stress also had a significant correlation, but not somatization. However, the explained variance was low. As a first study of its kind it is interesting and opens up for more follow-up studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 13 p.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-136634OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-136634DiVA: diva2:1112733
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-21 Created: 2017-06-20 Last updated: 2017-06-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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