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Asylprocessen ur ett folkhälsoperspektiv: I väntan på beslut när tiden står still
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 210 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Asylumprocess throughout a people’s- health- perspective : Waiting while the time stands still (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka asylsökandes hälsa under asyltiden med fokus på ett folkhälsoperspektiv, vad som inverkar på hälsan samt undersöka medvetenhet kring deras rättigheter.

 

Tidigare forskning visar: Brist på sysselsättning (aktiviteter, arbete) och avsaknad av stöd leder till psykisk ohälsa.

 

Vår studie bygger på åtta kvalitativa intervjuer, vilka utgjordes av en familjeintervju, en person från Röda Korset och en person från Svenska kyrkan. Två gruppintervjuer gjordes med personal på asylboenden, en gruppintervju med asylsökande och flera enskilda intervjuer med f.d. asylsökande.

 

Resultat: Delaktighet och samhörighet med personer eller en grupp människor var viktigt för hälsan. Inlärning av svenska, praktik eller andra meningsfulla aktiviteter gynnade asylsökandes hälsa. Lång väntan på beslut om asyl skapade nivåer av ångest och ohälsa och har även visat sig ha ett samband med passivitet vilket leder till brist på motivation. Flertalet av respondenterna hade sin familj kvar i hemlandet, varav några kunde upprätthålla kontakten under vistelsen i Sverige. Andra respondenter hade emellanåt inte någon kontakt alls med sin familj, vilket skapade ångest och stress. Några av de asylsökande upplevde att de saknade information om sina rättigheter och information om Sverige. 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this essay is to investigate asylum- seekers health during the asylum time with focus on a people's-health- perspective, what affect health. Secondly to investigate awareness among asylum- seekers about their rights.

 

Earlier research showed: lack off occupation (activities, work) and lack of support leads to psychological ill-health.

 

Methods: Eight interviews were made with a mix of individual asylum seekers and Refugees, one family interview, one with a person from two NGO organizations, Red Cross and The Swedish church. Two group interviews were held with staff members at asylum accommodations.

 

Results: Being part in a community and being occupied with Swedish learning, internship or other meaningful activities were beneficial to the asylum seekers health. Long waiting time for some asylum- seekers (referred in the interviews) made them passive because of loss of motivation. Many had family back in their home-country. Some asylum-seekers had good contact with their family, while others had family members who were unreachable from time to time. Asylum-seekers in those cases had a lot of stress and anxiety. Some asylum-seekers felt that they lacked information about their rights and information about Sweden. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 45
Keywords [en]
Asylumseeking Health
Keywords [sv]
Asylsökande Flykting Hälsa folhälsa
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-136755OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-136755DiVA, id: diva2:1113595
Educational program
The Sociology Program
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-09-07 Created: 2017-06-22 Last updated: 2017-09-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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