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Akuta effekter av smålagsspel och isolerade intervaller: En studie gjord på damfotbollsspelare
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur spel med och utan målvakt påverkar intensiteten i smålagsspel samt om smålagsspel liknar klassiska intervaller i fysiologiska akuta effekter. Urvalet bestod av 14 stycken damfotbollsspelare på Division-1 nivå i Sverige. Laktatvärden, pulsdata och upplevd ansträngning samlades in efter fysisk aktivitet vid tre tillfällen: Smålagsspel (SSG), Smålagsspel utan målvakter (SSGr) och intervaller. Resultaten visade en signifikant (P = 0,0053) skillnad i uppmätt blodlaktat efter avslutad aktivitet för intervall vs. SSG (respektive 13,63 ± 3,30 mmol/L vs 7,86 ± 4,31) mmol/L. Signifikans (P = 0,0025) visades för intervall vs. SSGr (respektive 13,63 ±3,30 mmol/L vs 8,40 ± 5,02 mmol/L). Resultaten gällande tid >85% av HRmax (s) visade signifikant (p = 0,0228) skillnad mellan SSG-SSGr (respektive 163s ± 4,13s vs. 157s ± 6,53s). Resultaten för RPE, HRmax, medel HR visade ingen signifikant skillnad. Resultatet av studien indikerar att SSG kan vara en fullgod övning sett till medel puls, upplevd ansträngning, HRmax och tid över 85% av HRmax och liknar i dessa avseenden intervaller. Resultaten visar att SSG är att föredra över SSGr. Framtida studier bör utföras med större urval och med lag på olika nivåer. Detta för att undersöka hur tävlingsnivå påverkar intensiteten i SSG.

 

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate how small-sided games with and without goalkeeper affects intensity and if small-sided games are similar to classical intervals regarding acute physiological effect. The participants consisted of 14 women's football players at Division 1 level in Sweden. Samples of blood lactate, pulse data and perceived exertion was collected after physical activity on three occasions: Small-sided games (SSG), Small-sided games with  no goalkeeper (SSGr) and intervals. The results showed a significant (P = 0.0053) difference in measured blood lactate post activity for interval vs. SSG, 13.63 ± 3.30 mmol/L vs. 7.86 ± 4.31 mmol/L. It was a significant (P = 0.0025) difference between intervals vs. SSGr, 13.63 ± 3.30 mmol/L vs. 8,40 ± 5,02 mmol/L. The results regarding time > 85% of HRmax (s) showed significant (P= 0.0228) difference between SSG-SSGr, 163s ±4.13s vs. 157s ± 6.53s. There was no significant difference between RPE, HRmax, HR and training type. The result of the study indicates that SSG can be a good exercise set to average heart rate, perceived exertion, HRmax and time over 85% of HRmax and are in these respects similar to intervals. The results also show that SSG is preferred over SSGr. Future studies should be conducted with larger sample size and with participants playing at different levels. This to investigate the impact of skill on the intensity of SSG.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
football, soccer, female
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-137073OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-137073DiVA: diva2:1115040
External cooperation
Team Thorengruppen damfotboll, Umeå
Educational program
Physical Trainer Pogramme
Available from: 2017-06-26 Created: 2017-06-26 Last updated: 2017-06-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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