umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Is 4 weeks of neuromuscular exercisesufficient to influence measures ofbalance in 70-year-olds?: A population-based randomized controlled trial
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Objectives : To investigate if postural stability can be improved in balance-deficient older

adults after four weeks of performing a progressive program of balance and strength

exercises as a single intervention.

Design, setting and participants: Parallel, open label, randomized controlled trial at a

university hospital clinic in individuals with a detected deficiency in postural stability.

Participants were n=40 community-dwelling 70-year-old adults, n=33 participants completed

the follow-up.

Intervention: Four weeks of following a fully supervised progressive exercise program

targeting isometric and dynamic balance, strength and proprioception, performed ~20

minutes during three times per week, or no intervention (control).

Main outcome measures: Postural sway length during one minute static stance with eyes

open (COP

V) and closed (COPNV) measured through center of pressure (COP) displacement,

Timed Up & Go (TUG) time, rated fear of falling (FES-I[S]) and balance self-efficacy (FES [S]).

Results: N=40 participants (exercise n=20; control group n=20) were randomized. Mean sway

length COP

V was 490.2 mm (・}117.6) and COPNV was 1179.6 mm (・}668.9). N=6 participants

were excluded from analysis due to early drop out before day one, and one participant was

excluded during the intervention period, leaving n=33 (n=16 intervention; n=17 control)

participants for analysis. No significant differences in either group were shown on the

postural sway parameters, Time Up & Go-test or the FES(S) score. A significant difference

(p=0.041) was observed on the mean FES-I (S) score, the control group scored 7% higher

after the intervention period compared to before, indicating an increased fear of falling. The

intervention group’s mean FES-I(S) score remained unaltered.

Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that four weeks is not a sufficient intervention

period to detect differences in the balance measurements after performing an exercise

program of this volume. Further research may positively implement more clinical tests of

balance and postural control as outcome measures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Postural control, Postural stability, Older adults, RCT
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-137077OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-137077DiVA: diva2:1115045
Educational program
Physical Trainer Pogramme
Available from: 2017-06-26 Created: 2017-06-26 Last updated: 2017-06-26Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

By organisation
Sports medicine
Sport and Fitness Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 25 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf