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Att beskriva sjuksköterskestudenters attityder till personer med HIV/AIDS och vilka faktorer som kan påverka deras attityder: En litteraturstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To describe nursing students’ attitudes towards people with HIV/AIDS and what factors that influence their attitudes : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Humant Immunbristvirus har sedan upptäckten under 1980-talet tagit mer än 35 miljoner människors liv. I tidigare studier framkommer det att personer med HIV/AIDS utsätts för diskriminering och stigmatisering inom sjukvården. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskestudenters attityder till personer med HIV/AIDS och vilka faktorer som kan påverka deras attityder. Metod: En litteraturstudie innehållande 11 artiklar med kvantitativ ansats granskades, analyserades och sammanställdes. Databaserna som användes vid artikelsökningen var PubMed och CINAHL. Resultat: Det framkom att sjuksköterskestudenter hade både positiva och negativa attityder gentemot personer med HIV/AIDS. Sjuksköterskestudenter hade också olika negativa attityder till olika patientgrupper samt både positiv och negativa vilja att vårda personer med HIV/AIDS. Faktorer som framkom påverka attityderna var kunskaper och tidigare erfarenheter, studielängd, kön, ålder, land och religion. Konklusion: Sjuksköterskestudenters negativa attityder mot personer med HIV/AIDS har visat sig kunna förbättras genom ökad kunskap om HIV/AIDS. Genom att sjuksköterskeutbildningen organiseras på ett sådant sätt att studenterna får mer kunskaper om HIV/AIDS under studietiden kan de förbättrade kunskaperna leda till mindre negativa attityder och därmed förbättra livskvalitén hos personer med HIV/AIDS samt främja deras hälsa.

Abstract [en]

Background: The Human Immunodeficiency virus has, since its discovery in the 1980s, taken more than 35 million people's lives. Previous studies show that people with HIV/AIDS are subject to discrimination and stigmatization within health care. Aim: To describe nursing students’ attitudes towards people with HIV/AIDS and what factors that influence their attitudes. Method: A literature study containing 11 articles with a quantitative approach were reviewed, analyzed and compiled. The databases PubMed and CINAHL were used. Results: It was revealed that nursing students had both positive and negative attitudes towards people with HIV/AIDS. The nursing students also had various negative attitudes towards different patient groups as well as positive and negative willingness to care for people with HIV/AIDS. Factors that emerged to influence the attitudes were knowledge, previous experiences, length of study, age, gender, country and religion. Conclusion: Nursing students negative attitudes towards people with HIV/AIDS have been shown to be improved by more knowledge of HIV/AIDS. By organizing the nursing education in such a way that the students receive more knowledge about HIV/AIDS during their period of studies, the improved knowledge can lead to less negative attitudes, thus improving the quality of life of people with HIV/AIDS and promoting their health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
HIV/AIDS, nursing students, attitudes
Keyword [sv]
HIV/AIDS, sjuksköterskestudenter, attityder
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-137137OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-137137DiVA: diva2:1115404
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-06-27 Created: 2017-06-26 Last updated: 2017-06-27Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Att beskriva sjuksköterskestudenters attityder till personer med HIV/AIDS och vilka faktorer som kan påverka deras attityder: En litteraturstudie(737 kB)13 downloads
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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 737 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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  • apa
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