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Osteoclasts in periprosthetic osteolysis: the charnley arthroplasty revisited
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Orthopaedics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5469-2730
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2017 (English)In: The Journal of Arthroplasty, ISSN 0883-5403, E-ISSN 1532-8406, Vol. 32, no 10, 3219-3227 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic osteolysis by polyethylene wear debris-triggered osteoclasts is viewed as the main pathophysiological pathway in aseptic loosening in total hip arthroplasty. The present aim was to study osteoclast occurrence in osteolytic lesions in early and late revisions of the Charnley low-friction torque arthroplasty (CLFA).

METHODS: Biopsies of the soft interface membrane and the adjacent bone were taken from osteolytic lesions during revision of 16 loose CLFA, early (2-6 years) or late (>10 years) after primary surgery. By light microscopy (LM), cell-dense regions with signs of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption were selected for transmission electron microscopy. Three additional patients were studied in LM for osteoclast markers (tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and Cathepsin K).

RESULTS: LM disclosed a low-grade chronic inflammation and birefringent particles in most sections. Multiple conglomerates of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase positive and Cathepsin K positive mononuclear and multinucleated cells were found deep in the fibrous interface membrane. Transmission electron microscopy showed traces of polyethylene-like particles in 67%-100% of the cells. Osteoclast-like cells exhibiting resorptive activity were few (mean, 0.7%; standard deviation, 0.2%), and multinucleated cells, possibly osteoclast precursor cells, located immediately on the bone were also scarce (mean, 2.7%; standard deviation, 5.3%). Multinucleated (odds ratio, 3.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.7-5.5) and macrophage-like cells (odds ratio, 3.6; 95% confidence interval, 2.2-5.6) were typically located deeper in the inflammatory interface membrane with a pathologic appearance with distension and abundance of phagocytic vacuoles. There were no systematic differences in cell populations between early or late revisions.

CONCLUSION: Despite probable ongoing osteoclastogenesis in the osteolytic lesions, there were few sites of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. These findings attach a contributing biological explanation to the longevity of the CLFA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 32, no 10, 3219-3227 p.
Keyword [en]
total hip arthroplasty, revision, aseptic loosening, osteolysis, osteoclast
National Category
Orthopedics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-137215DOI: 10.1016/j.arth.2017.05.030ISI: 000415228000050PubMedID: 28648703OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-137215DiVA: diva2:1116870
Available from: 2017-06-28 Created: 2017-06-28 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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