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A Cosmological Argument against Physicalism
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
2017 (English)In: European Journal of Philosophy of Religion, ISSN 1689-8311, Vol. 9, no 2, 165-188 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, I present a Leibnizian cosmological argument to the conclusion that either the totality of physical beings has a non-physical cause, or a necessary being exists. The crucial premise of the argument is a restricted version of the Principle of Sufficient Reason, namely the claim that every contingent physical phenomenon has a sufficient cause (PSR-P). I defend this principle by comparing it with a causal principle that is fundamental for physicalism, namely the Causal Closure of Physics, which says that every physical effect has a sufficient physical cause (CC). I find that the evidence for Causal Closure is weaker than the evidence for PSR-P, which means that physicalists who take CC to be justified must concede that PSR-P is also justified, and to a higher degree. Since my Leibnizian cosmological argument succeeds if PSR-P is granted, I conclude that physicalists must either give up CC and thereby physicalism, or accept that a necessary being exists.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 9, no 2, 165-188 p.
Keyword [en]
cosmological argument, principle of sufficient reason, physicalism, causal closure of physics
National Category
Philosophy
Research subject
religionsfilosofi; Studies In Faiths and Ideologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-137239DOI: 10.24204/ejpr.v9i2.1938ISI: 000410150400009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-137239DiVA: diva2:1117078
Available from: 2017-06-28 Created: 2017-06-28 Last updated: 2017-11-02Bibliographically approved

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  • de-DE
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