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Changes in Motivation Quality in Relation to Changes in Physical Fitness: A physical exercise intervention among older adults
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Research of motivation quality and exercise behaviour regulations has shown that higher levels of self-determined motivation are associated to higher levels of physical activity and various exercise outcomes. However, most research is based on self-report measures and cross-sectional or predictive comparisons. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between changes in motivation quality and physical fitness, from a 6-month physical exercise intervention with 47 sedentary adults (64-78 years). Participants were randomized to either aerobic or strength training. Motivation quality was measured with the BREQ-2 scale, and measures of physical fitness included aerobic capacity and lean body mass. Results showed that both training groups increased in physical fitness and self-determined motivation regulations, which was in accordance with previous findings. However, linear regressions did not confirm any relationship between changes in motivation quality and physical fitness. These findings diverged from theoretical assumptions and earlier findings, and more research is needed to confirm whether and how motivation quality is related to objective measures of physical fitness. Although no relationship between changes in physical fitness and motivation quality was confirmed, results suggest that six months of supervised exercise can increase participants’ motivation quality of exercise behaviour regulations, regardless of improvements in physical fitness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-137282OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-137282DiVA: diva2:1117414
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-29 Created: 2017-06-28 Last updated: 2017-06-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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