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Neurophysiological and neurocognitive mechanisms underlying the effects of yoga-based practices: towards a comprehensive theoretical framework.
Karolinska Institutet, University of California San Francsisco. (Barn- och Ungdomspsykiatri)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5790-0518
2015 (English)In: Frontiers in human neuroscience, Vol. 9, 235Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During recent decades numerous yoga-based practices (YBP) have emerged in the West, with their aims ranging from fitness gains to therapeutic benefits and spiritual development. Yoga is also beginning to spark growing interest within the scientific community, and yoga-based interventions have been associated with measureable changes in physiological parameters, perceived emotional states, and cognitive functioning. YBP typically involve a combination of postures or movement sequences, conscious regulation of the breath, and various techniques to improve attentional focus. However, so far little if any research has attempted to deconstruct the role of these different component parts in order to better understand their respective contribution to the effects of YBP. A clear operational definition of yoga-based therapeutic interventions for scientific purposes, as well as a comprehensive theoretical framework from which testable hypotheses can be formulated, is therefore needed. Here we propose such a framework, and outline the bottom-up neurophysiological and top-down neurocognitive mechanisms hypothesized to be at play in YBP.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 9, 235
Keyword [en]
allostatic load, attention, basal ganglia, bottom-up, breath, movement, top-down, yoga
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-135779DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00235PubMedID: 26005409OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-135779DiVA: diva2:1120546
Available from: 2017-07-06 Created: 2017-07-06 Last updated: 2017-08-31

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