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Integrative conservation of riparian zones
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2017 (English)In: Biological Conservation, ISSN 0006-3207, E-ISSN 1873-2917, Vol. 211, 20-29 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Riparian zones are the interface between aquatic and terrestrial systems along inland watercourses. They have a disproportionate ecological role in the landscape considering their narrow extent, which makes them a good example of small natural features (sensu Hunter, 2017-in this issue). Characteristically, riparian zones increase species richness in the landscape and provide key services to society, such as soil fertility, water purification, and recreation. Despite the recognized importance of riparian zones for ecological, economic and social reasons, and the vast amount of scientific literature exploring measures for their conservation, current management is still failing at enabling a proper ecological functioning of these areas. The best practices for conservation of riparian zones have mostly focused on manipulating biotic and physical components (e.g. renaturalizing flow regimes, improving channel mobility, and controlling invasions of exotic ecosystem engineer species). However, these strategies face important technical, socio-economic, and legal constraints that require a more integrative approach for effective conservation. In this paper we summarize the main problems affecting riparian zones and their current management challenges. Following Hunter et al. (2017-in this issue), we review novel approaches to conservation of riparian zones, complementary to manipulating processes that reflect contemporary management and policy. These include (1) investing in environmental education for both local people and technical staff, (2) guaranteeing qualitative and long term inventories and monitoring, (3) establishing legislation and solutions to protect riparian zones, (4) framing economic activities in riparian zones under sustainable management, and (5) planning restoration of riparian zones at multiple and hierarchical spatio-temporal scales.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 211, 20-29 p.
Keyword [en]
Conservation strategies, Floodplain, Frodo effect, Riverine, Small ecosystem features
National Category
Landscape Architecture Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-137970DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.10.035ISI: 000405052200004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-137970DiVA: diva2:1129268
Available from: 2017-08-02 Created: 2017-08-02 Last updated: 2017-08-21Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, Christer
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Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf