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Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training by Avatars: A Qualitative Study of Medical Students' Experiences Using a Multiplayer Virtual World
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4004-2275
2016 (English)In: JMIR Serious Games, E-ISSN 2291-9279, Vol. 4, no 2, article id e22Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Emergency medical practices are often team efforts. Training for various tasks and collaborations may be carried out in virtual environments. Although promising results exist from studies of serious games, little is known about the subjective reactions of learners when using multiplayer virtual world (MVW) training in medicine.

Objective: The objective of this study was to reach a better understanding of the learners’ reactions and experiences when using an MVW for team training of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

Methods: Twelve Swedish medical students participated in semistructured focus group discussions after CPR training in an MVW with partially preset options. The students’ perceptions and feelings related to use of this educational tool were investigated. Using qualitative methodology, discussions were analyzed by a phenomenological data-driven approach. Quality measures included negotiations, back-and-forth reading, triangulation, and validation with the informants.

Results: Four categories characterizing the students’ experiences could be defined: (1) Focused Mental Training, (2) Interface Diverting Focus From Training, (3) Benefits of Practicing in a Group, and (4) Easy Loss of Focus When Passive. We interpreted the results, compared them to findings of others, and propose advantages and risks of using virtual worlds for learning.

Conclusions: Beneficial aspects of learning CPR in a virtual world were confirmed. To achieve high participant engagement and create good conditions for training, well-established procedures should be practiced. Furthermore, students should be kept in an active mode and frequent feedback should be utilized. It cannot be completely ruled out that the use of virtual training may contribute to erroneous self-beliefs that can affect later clinical performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 4, no 2, article id e22
Keywords [en]
avatars, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, educational technology, medical students, experiences, multiplayer virtual worlds, patient simulation, virtual learning environments
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138686DOI: 10.2196/games.6448ISI: 000390935000005PubMedID: 27986645OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-138686DiVA, id: diva2:1137086
Available from: 2017-08-30 Created: 2017-08-30 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Creutzfeldt, JohanHedman, Leif

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