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Repopulating and revitalising rural Sweden? Re-examining immigration as a solution to rural decline
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
2017 (English)In: The Geographical Journal, ISSN 1475-4959, 10.1111/geoj.12227Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Increasing international immigration is often portrayed as a potential solution to persistent economic and population decline in rural areas. Based on longitudinal register data, this study examines the extent to which international migration has contributed to demographic and labour market changes in rural Sweden between 1990 and 2010. Results show that the urbanisation rate of international migrants is very high while their employment rate in rural areas remains comparatively low. Small positive changes are noticeable in the rate of higher education, self-employment and employment in new service-related industries among particular groups of immigrants. Immigrants to rural areas are a highly heterogeneous group in terms of their demographic and labour market characteristics, which should be considered when estimating the contributions of immigration to socio-economic development in rural areas. This study shows that, while international migration may dampen population decline in rural areas to some extent, particularly in the working-age groups, its potential to stimulate socio-economic revitalisation in rural areas needs to be questioned and examined from a more nuanced and longitudinal perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. 10.1111/geoj.12227
Keyword [en]
international migration; rural decline; demographic change; labour market change
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-138919DOI: 10.1111/geoj.12227OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-138919DiVA: diva2:1137979
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2011-72
Available from: 2017-09-03 Created: 2017-09-03 Last updated: 2017-09-03

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Hedlund, MartinCarson, Doris A.Eimermann, MarcoLundmark, Linda
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf