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Actinomyces radicidentis and Actinomyces haliotis, coccoid Actinomyces species isolated from the human oral cavity.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
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2017 (English)In: Anaerobe, ISSN 1075-9964, E-ISSN 1095-8274, Vol. 48, 19-26 p., S1075-9964(17)30129-4Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

There are few reports on the bacterial species Actinomyces radicidentis in the literature. In this study, putative A. radicidentis isolates were collected from 16 root canal samples from 601 examined patients. The isolates were examined by biochemical tests, 16S rRNA gene sequencing, Arbitrarily-primed (AP-) PCR, antibiotic susceptibility testing, and MALDI-TOF analyses. In parallel, two A. radicidentis reference strains and two putative A. radicidentis isolates from United Kingdom were tested. Sixteen of the 18 isolates were confirmed as A. radicidentis. The remaining two isolates, both of which were isolated from root canals (one from Sweden and the other from the UK), but were identified as Actinomyces haliotis by sequencing ∼ 1300 base pairs of the 16S rRNA-gene. This isolates had a divergent, but between them similar, AP-PCR pattern, and a common distribution of sequence signatures in the 16S rRNA gene, but were not identified by MALDI-TOF. A. haliotis is a close relative to A. radicidentis, hitherto only been described from a sea-snail. The identity of A. haliotis was confirmed by a phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences with species specific sequences included, and by additional biochemical tests. The examined bacteria exhibited similar antibiotic susceptibility patterns when tested for 10 separate antibiotic classes with E-tests (bioMérieux). The MIC90 for β-lactams (benzylpenicillin and cefuroxime) and vancomycin was 0.5 mg/L, for colistin and ciprofloxacin 8 mg/mL and for the other antibiotic classes ≤ 25 mg/mL The isolation of A. haliotis from infected dental root canals cast doubt on the accepted opinion that all Actinomyces infections have an endogenous source.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 48, 19-26 p., S1075-9964(17)30129-4
Keyword [en]
AP-PCR phylogenetic tree, Actinomyces species, MALDI-TOF, Root canal infections
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139074DOI: 10.1016/j.anaerobe.2017.06.011PubMedID: 28647397OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-139074DiVA: diva2:1138730
Available from: 2017-09-06 Created: 2017-09-06 Last updated: 2017-09-06

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