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Can increases in temperature stimulate blooms of the toxic benthic dinoflagellate Ostreopsis ovata?
Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, NV. (EcoChange)
Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap, NV.
Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.
University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka.
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2011 (English)In: Harmful Algae, ISSN 1568-9883, E-ISSN 1878-1470, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 165-172Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ostreopsis ovata Fukuyo is an epiphytic, toxic dinoflagellate, inhabiting tropical and sub-tropical waters worldwide and also in certain temperate waters such as the Mediterranean Sea. Toxic blooms of O. ovata have been reported in SE Brazil in 1998/99 and 2001/02 and the French-Italian Riviera in 2005 and 2006. These blooms had negative effects on human health and aquatic life. Chemical analyses have indicated that O. ovata cells produce palytoxin, a very strong toxin, only second in toxicity to botulism. Increase in water temperature by several degrees has been suggested as the reason for triggering these blooms. Four laboratory experiments were performed with O. ovata isolated from Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy to determine the effects of water temperature and co-occurring algae on the cell growth and/or the toxicity of O. ovata. The cells were grown under different temperatures ranging from 16 °C to 30 °C, and cell densities, growth rates and the cell toxicities were studied. Results indicated high water temperatures (26-30 °C) increased the growth rate and biomass accumulation of O. ovata. In mixed cultures of O. ovata with other co-occurring algae, biomass decreased due to grazing by ciliates. Cell toxicity on the other hand was highest at lower temperatures, i.e., between 20 and 22 °C. The present study suggests that sea surface temperature increases resulted by global warming could play a crucial role inducing the geographical expansion and biomass accumulation by blooms of O. ovata.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2011. Vol. 10, no 2, p. 165-172
National Category
Ecology
Research subject
Ecology, Aquatic Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139416DOI: 10.1016/j.hal.2010.09.002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-139416DiVA, id: diva2:1140395
Available from: 2010-08-09 Created: 2017-09-12

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