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Bacterial profile in human atherosclerotic plaques
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience. (Umeå Stroke Centre)
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2017 (English)In: Atherosclerosis, ISSN 0021-9150, E-ISSN 1879-1484, Vol. 263, 177-183 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and aims: Several studies have confirmed the presence of bacterial DNA in atherosclerotic plaques, but its contribution to plaque stability and vulnerability is unclear. In this study, we investigated whether the bacterial plaque-profile differed between patients that were asymptomatic or symptomatic and whether there were local differences in the microbial composition within the plaque. Methods: Plaques were removed by endarterectomy from asymptomatic and symptomatic patients and divided into three different regions known to show different histological vulnerability: A, upstream of the maximum stenosis; B, site for maximum stenosis; C, downstream of the maximum stenosis. Bacterial DNA composition in the plaques was determined by performing 454 pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA genes, and total bacterial load was determined by qPCR. Results: We confirmed the presence of bacterial DNA in the atherosclerotic plaque by qPCR analysis of the 16S rRNA gene but observed no difference (n.s.) in the amount between either asymptomatic and symptomatic patients or different plaque regions A, B and C. Unweighted UniFrac distance metric analysis revealed no distinct clustering of samples by patient group or plaque region. Operational taxonomic units (OTUs) from 5 different phyla were identified, with the majority of the OTUs belonging to Proteobacteria (48.3%) and Actinobacteria (40.2%). There was no difference between asymptomatic and symptomatic patients, or plaque regions, when analyzing the origin of DNA at phylum, family or OTU level (n.s.). Conclusions: There were no major differences in bacterial DNA amount or microbial composition between plaques from asymptomatic and symptomatic patients or between different plaque regions, suggesting that other factors are more important in determining plaque vulnerability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 263, 177-183 p.
Keyword [en]
Microbiota, Plaque, Atherosclerosis
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139149DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2017.06.016ISI: 000407634000900PubMedID: 28646792OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-139149DiVA: diva2:1141696
Available from: 2017-09-15 Created: 2017-09-15 Last updated: 2017-09-15Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, EliasWester, PerArnerlöv, Conny
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Department of Public Health and Clinical MedicineDepartment of Pharmacology and Clinical NeuroscienceDepartment of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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