umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Identifying Underlying Factors that Affect the Risk for Sustatining Sport Injuries in Athletic Adolescents: Through Evaluation of Body Control, Muscle Activation in the Lower Extremities, Joint Laxity, and Joint Mobility, a Quantitative Study
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sports medicine.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Sport injuries are a widespread problem in elite sports and is accounting for 30- 40% out of all unintentional injuries in adolescents. In Sweden, 47.000 sport injuries occurred in children and adolescents aged 0-17 years old during a period over three years (2010-2013). Sustaining a sport injury in early age may impact the attitude towards sports and the amount of physical activity exercised. Lately, an increase of high-schools with special emphasis on elite sports is seen, which leads to more adolescents being exposed to the risk for sustaining a sport injury. There are several commonly used tests to evaluate injury risk in athletes. Tests such as body control screening, joint laxity screening, and measurements of muscle quality.

Aim: The aim of the present prospective study was to a) investigate the correlations between, b) analyse differences between gender, and c) analyse potential differences between teenage athletes that received an injury or not during their first elite sports high-school year with use of pre-semester functional movement screening methods with the intent to address factors that increase the risk for future injuries.

Method: Two-hundred-eighty-seven (n=287) athletic adolescents, 15-16 years of age from an elite sports school (Dragonskolans elitidrottsgymnasium) in Umeå participated in the study. The subjects underwent testing at the start of the first semester of their first year in high school. The tests were the following: The functional movement screen (FMS), Beighton score, measures of joint mobility, and measures of muscle activation in knee flexors and extensors. The following incidence of sport injuries during the first year at the elite sports school were studied in relation to results from the initial movement tests.

Results: No significant difference was found between injured and non-injured in the FMS total score, nor between gender. Females scored significantly higher than males in Beighton total score (p<0,05). There was no significant difference to be seen in Beighton total score between injured and non-injured. Females was more likely to receive injuries and were significantly more mobile in hamstrings, quadriceps, iliopsoas, the right calf, weaker in both knee flexors and knee extensors, and reached peak torque in knee extensors slower than males.

Injured reached peak torque significantly slower than non-injured in the right knee flexors. No correlations could be seen between the FMS, Beighton score, joint mobility, and muscle measurements in the lower extremity. Conclusion: It is of utmost importance that the Functional Movement Screen is researched and developed further, alternatively, that development of a new evaluation tool is carried out when it comes to risk assessment of future sports injuries in adolescent athletes. Joint laxity as addressed by Beighton score with a cut-off at five points is not a depending factor in this population regarding the presence of sport injuries. Athletic adolescents showing slow activation of the knee flexors may be in a greater risk for sustaining an injury. By understanding, addressing, and counteracting risk-factors for sustaining sport injuries we can avoid negative physiological, psychological, social, and socioeconomically consequences. Therefore, further research is needed to address these physiological, psychological, biological, and social factors that may impact the injury risk in athletic adolescents.

  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 47 p.
Keyword [en]
"Functional movement screen", "Beighton score", "Biodex Measurements", "Injury risk", "Elite sports"
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139533OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-139533DiVA: diva2:1141762
External cooperation
Dragonskolan
Educational program
Master program in Sports Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
Dragonprojektet
Available from: 2017-09-20 Created: 2017-09-15 Last updated: 2017-09-20Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

By organisation
Sports medicine
Sport and Fitness Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Total: 35 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf