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Dynamics of metabolic activities and gene expression in the Roseobacter clade bacterium Phaeobacter sp. MED193 during growth with thiosulfate
Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
Univ La Laguna, Dept Microbiol, Tenerife, Spain.
Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM). (EcoChange)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6405-1347
2014 (English)In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, ISSN 0099-2240, E-ISSN 1098-5336, Vol. 80, no 22, p. 6933-6942Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Metagenomic analyses of surface seawater reveal that genes for sulfur oxidation are widespread in bacterioplankton communities. However, little is known about the metabolic processes used to exploit the energy potentially gained from inorganic sulfur oxidation in oxic seawater. We therefore studied the sox gene system containing Roseobacter clade isolate Phaeobacter sp. strain MED193 in acetate minimal medium with and without thiosulfate. The addition of thiosulfate enhanced the bacterial growth yields up to 40% in this strain. Concomitantly, soxB and soxY gene expression increased about 8-fold with thiosulfate and remained 11-fold higher than that in controls through stationary phase. At stationary phase, thiosulfate stimulated protein synthesis and anaplerotic CO2 fixation rates up to 5- and 35-fold, respectively. Several genes involved in anaplerotic CO2 fixation (i.e., pyruvate carboxylase, propionyl coenzyme A [CoA], and crotonyl-CoA carboxylase) were highly expressed during active growth, coinciding with high CO2 fixation rates. The high expression of key genes in the ethylmalonyl-CoA pathway suggests that this is an important pathway for the utilization of two-carbon compounds in Phaeobacter sp. MED193. Overall, our findings imply that Roseobacter clade bacteria carrying sox genes can use their lithotrophic potential to gain additional energy from sulfur oxidation for both increasing their growth capacity and improving their long-term survival.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 80, no 22, p. 6933-6942
National Category
Microbiology
Research subject
Ecology, Microbiology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139715DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02038-14ISI: 000344161700010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-139715DiVA, id: diva2:1143041
Available from: 2014-09-27 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2018-06-09

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