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The Testing Effect and Its Relation to Working Memory Capacity and Personality Characteristics
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology, ISSN 1945-8959, E-ISSN 1810-7621, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 241-259Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Retrieval practice is known to lead to better retention of a to-be-learned material than restudy (i.e., the testing effect). However, few studies have investigated retrieval practice in relation to working memory capacity (WMC) and personality characteristics such as grittiness (Grit) and need for cognition (NFC). In two experiments, we examined retrieval practice and restudy of Swahili–Swedish word pairs in relation to individual differences in Grit and NFC. In Experiment 1, using a between-subjects design, a significant main effect of retention interval was qualified by a Group × Retention Interval interaction. However, there were no effects of Grit or NFC. In Experiment 2, a within-subjects design was used, and a measure of WMC was included. The analyses revealed a testing effect; but again, WMC, Grit, and NFC were not significantly associated with performance. These results indicate that retrieval practice levels out the playing field regarding WMC, NFC, and Grit.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Publishing Company, 2017. Vol. 16, no 3, p. 241-259
Keyword [en]
retrieval practice, the testing effect, need for cognition; grit, working memory capacity, learning
National Category
Learning Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139735DOI: 10.1891/1945-8959.16.3.241ISI: 000416163800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-139735DiVA, id: diva2:1143130
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2017-09-20 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2018-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Bertilsson, FridaWiklund-Hörnqvist, CarolaStenlund, TovaJonsson, Bert

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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More languages
Output format
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