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Besvär i rörelseorganen hos musiklärare och deras syn på musikelevers hälsa: visioner och verklighet på kollisionskurs
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
2017 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Musculoskeletal disorders in music teachers and their view on young music students' health : visions and reality in contradiction (English)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of the licentiate thesis was to reach a better understanding of music teachers' health, with focus on musculoskeletal disorders, and music teachers' view on young music students' health, from a gender perspective.

A cross-sectional study was directed to music teachers employed at a municipality music- and culture school, in order to investigate the relationship between physical workload and work-related disorders among music teachers. Out of 61 music teachers 47 agreed to participate. The study group was divided into two groups depending on if they had an asymmetric or symmetric upper extremity and back playing posture. Musculoskeletal disorders were frequent among the music teachers. Women music teachers reported significantly more musculoskeletal disorders than their male collegues and music teachers with asymmetric work posture had significantly higher amount of musculoskeletal disorders than those who had a symmetric playing posture.

A qualitative interview study with semi-structured interviews with 18 music teachers were conducted to explore music teachers' experiences of health and gender among young music students. An interview guide was used, with topic areas concerning experiences and perceptions of positive health aspects and health problems among young music students, taking part in music education. The interviews were analysed with qualitative content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman. The analysis resulted in an overarching theme "Visions and reality in contradiction" and three categories: "Music making to feel good", "Pressure on girls, acceptance for boys" and "Blame on the individual".

Music teachers at music- and culture schools seem to be at high risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders, especially music teachers playing an instrument that requires an asymmetric playing position. Young musicians' teachers need a better knowledge in the field of prevention of music students' health problems and physiotherapists and ergonomists may assist and collaborate in this. A gender perspective in music medicine research may contribute to a better understanding of musicians' health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2017. , 42 p.
Keyword [sv]
musiklärare, musikelever, musikutbildning, besvär i rörelseorganen, stress, genus, hälsoperspektiv
National Category
Physiotherapy
Research subject
physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139780ISBN: 978-91-7601-714-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-139780DiVA: diva2:1143709
Presentation
2017-09-08, Vårdvetarhuset, B101, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-10-03 Created: 2017-09-22 Last updated: 2017-10-03Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Musculoskeletal Disorders and Asymmetric Playing Postures of the Upper Extremity and Back in Music Teachers: A Pilot Study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Musculoskeletal Disorders and Asymmetric Playing Postures of the Upper Extremity and Back in Music Teachers: A Pilot Study
2009 (English)In: Medical problems of performing artists, ISSN 0885-1158, E-ISSN 1938-2766, Vol. 24, no 3, 113-118 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To play a musical instrument, Such as the violin or flute, requires controlled, adequate movements performed by the arm, hand, and fingers in an asymmetric playing posture. The movements are monotonous and often of long duration, involving static and repetitive muscle work of the upper extremity and neck-shoulder Muscles. This situation may lead to in increased risk of contracting musculoskeletal problems. The aim of this cross-sectional Study was to investigate the relationship between physical workload, defined as playing Posture and playing time per week, and musculoskeletal disorders in music teachers. A questionnaire was distributed, with items based on work,related musculoskeletal disorders and physical working conditions. The study population consisted of music teachers employed at a Swedish municipal music School. Out of 61 Music teachers, 47 (77%) agreed to participate, including 28 women and 19 men. The study group was divided into two groups depending oil if they had an asymmetric or symmetric upper extremity/back playing position. Of the total participants, 77% reported musculoskeletal disorders during the preceding 12 months. Female teachers reported significantly more symptoms in the neck, shoulders, and Upper back that male teachers. Music teachers with an asymmetric playing Posture had significantly more musculoskeletal disorders than music teachers with a symmetric playing posture. This Study demonstrates that in asymmetric playing position may affect the amount Of musculoskeletal disorders in the upper extremity and back.

National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-27789 (URN)000270845700004 ()
Available from: 2009-11-20 Created: 2009-11-20 Last updated: 2017-10-03Bibliographically approved
2. Supporting personal growth with music: music teachers' experiences of health and gender among young music students
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supporting personal growth with music: music teachers' experiences of health and gender among young music students
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword
adolescent, child, demands, gender norms, health attitudes, identity, muscoskeletal disorders, music education, psychological distress, stress
National Category
Physiotherapy
Research subject
physiotherapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139341 (URN)
Available from: 2017-09-11 Created: 2017-09-11 Last updated: 2017-10-03Bibliographically approved

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