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Employee effort-reward balance and first-level manager transformational leadership within elderly care
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS).
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, E-ISSN 1471-6712, 1-10 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background; Negative aspects, staff dissatisfaction and problems related to internal

organisational factors of working in elderly care are well-known and documented. Much less

is known about positive aspects of working in elderly care, and therefore this study focuses on

such positive factors in Swedish elderly care. We combined two theoretical models, the Effort

Reward Imbalance model and the Transformational Leadership Style model. The aim was to

estimate the potential associations between employee-perceived transformational leadership

style of their managers, and employees’ ratings of effort and reward within elderly care work.

Methods; The article is based on questionnaires distributed at on-site-visits to registered

nurses, occupational therapists, physiotherapists (high-level education) and assistant nurses

(low-level education) in nine Swedish elderly care facilities. In order to grasp the positive

factors of work in elderly care, we focused on balance at work, rather than imbalance.

2

Results; We found a significant association between employees’ effort–reward balance at

work and a transformational leadership style amongst managers. An association was also

found between employees’ level of education and their assessments of the first-level

managers.

Conclusions; We conclude that the first-level manager is an important actor for achieving a

good workplace within elderly care, since she/he influences employees’ psychosocial working

environment. We also conclude that there are differences and inequalities, in terms of wellbeing,

effort and reward at the work place, between those with academic training and those

without, in that the former group to a higher degree evaluated their first-level manager to

perform a transformational leadership style, which in turn is beneficial for their psychosocial

work environment. Consequently, this (re)-produce inequalities in terms of well-being, effort

and reward among the employees at the work place.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. 1-10 p.
Keyword [en]
effort, reward, transformational leadership style, elderly care, first-level manager, quantitative method.
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-140079DOI: 10.1111/scs.12475OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-140079DiVA: diva2:1145684
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Available from: 2017-09-29 Created: 2017-09-29 Last updated: 2017-09-29

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Keisu, Britt-Inger
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
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  • Other locale
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